Randall S. Brown

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The adverse environmental effects of conventional flood control techniques such as levee and dam construction, river channelization, and rip-rapping are well-documented (Bayley 1991; Toth et al. 1993; Galat et al. 1998). Additional criticisms have come from geologists, who note that dams face long-term limitations from sedimentation and levees are(More)
Previous work has found that white individuals who harbor negative racial attitudes toward blacks are particularly likely to be depleted of executive attentional resources after interracial contact. The present study investigated whether engaging in interracial interactions also depletes the executive resources of black individuals as a function of their(More)
Since 1985, the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) has encouraged health maintenance organizations (HMOs) to provide Medicare coverage to enrolled beneficiaries for fixed prepaid premiums. Our evaluation shows that the risk program achieves some of its goals while not fulfilling others. We find that HMOs provide care of comparable quality to that(More)
Medicare beneficiaries in fee-for-service (FFS) who had chronic illnesses and volunteered to participate in 15 care coordination programs were randomized to treatment or control status. Nurses provided patient education (mostly by telephone) to improve adherence and ability to communicate with physicians. Patients were contacted an average of two times per(More)
We estimated the effects of three Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA)-funded case management demonstrations for high-cost Medicare beneficiaries in the fee-for-service (FFS) sector. Participating beneficiaries were randomly assigned to receive case management plus regular Medicare benefits or regular benefits only. None of the demonstrations(More)
Only 17 of the 38 health maintenance organizations (HMOs) that have Medicare risk contracts and offer coverage to commercial clients in rural counties include the rural counties in their Medicare plan service areas. Rural counties in which HMOs offer Medicare coverage have higher average adjusted average per capita costs (AAPCCs), larger populations, and(More)
This article reports on preliminary impacts during the first year of a demonstration in which home health agencies (HHAs) were paid a prospectively set rate for each Medicare home health visit rendered, rather than being reimbursed for costs. Forty-seven agencies in five States participated. The evaluation compared the experiences of randomly assigned(More)
Between 1982 and 1985, health maintenance organizations (HMO's) entered the Medicare market under the Medicare competition demonstrations. The status and experience of these HMO's, their market areas,, and the benefit packages they offered are presented. Information from case studies of 20 of these HMO's is used to discuss the planning process through which(More)