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Recent empirical research has found that children's noncognitive skills play a critical role in their own success, young children's behavioral and psychological disorders can severely harm their future outcomes, and disruptive students harm the behavior and learning of their classmates. Yet relatively little is known about wide-scale interventions designed(More)
While the theoretical public finance literature argues that house prices should be influenced by the demand for local public services, there is little direct evidence concerning changes in house prices when these services are altered. Previous empirical studies have relied on cross-sectional identification of the relationship between house prices and(More)
This paper examines whether minimum competency school accountability systems, such as those created under No Child Left Behind, influence the distribution of student achievement. Because school ratings in these systems only incorporate students' test scores via pass rates, this type of system increases incentives for schools to improve the performance of(More)
The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. ABSTRACT We explore the extent to which schools manipulate the composition of students in the test-taking pool in order to maximize ratings under Texas' accountability system in the 1990s. We first derive predictions(More)
The large amount of money spent on expanding access to health care in the US to low-income Amer-icans combined with persistent disparities in health and education across the socioeconomic distribution leads to the important question of how expanding health care access could help address these disparities. This paper examines the provision of primary care(More)
This study examines parents' demand for sending their children to a public school located outside their residential school district. Using a unique data set that contains information concerning both inter-district transfers and rejections of transfer applications, I am able to identify which school district characteristics attract the greatest demand for(More)
In theoretical models of residential sorting, a household's location decision is closely linked to its demand for local public services, such as schooling. Since school choice programs weaken the link between residential location and schooling options, they have the potential to affect both property values and residential location choices. Results derived(More)
of Oklahoma, and the Association for Education Finance and Policy Annual Meeting. We also gratefully acknowledge funding from the Department of Policy Analysis and Management at Cornell University for this project The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER(More)
This paper examines whether minimum competency school accountability systems, such as those created under No Child Left Behind, influence the distribution of student achievement. Because school ratings in these systems only incorporate students' test scores via pass rates, this type of system increases incentives for schools to improve the performance of(More)
This paper assesses the causal effects of Catholic primary schooling on student outcomes such as test scores, grade retention, and behavior. Catholic school students have substantially better average outcomes than do public school students throughout the primary years, but we present evidence that selection bias is entirely responsible for these advantages.(More)