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—In this paper, an analytical model for calculating the channel potential and current–voltage characteristics in a symmetric tunneling field-effect transistor (SymFET) is presented. The current in a SymFET flows by tunneling from an n-type graphene layer to a p-type graphene layer. A large current peak occurs when the Dirac points are aligned at a(More)
Graphene-insulator-graphene vertical tunneling structures are discussed from a theoretical perspective. Momentum conservation in such devices leads to highly nonlinear current-voltage characteristics, which with gates on the tunnel junction form potentially useful transistor structures. Two prior theoretical treatments of such devices are discussed; the(More)
The efficacy and safety of etodolac and piroxicam were compared in a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group outpatient study at four sites. Patients with active osteoarthritis of the knee were assigned to receive etodolac 600 mg/day (57 patients) or piroxicam 20 mg/day (59 patients) for 6 weeks. Efficacy assessments were made at the pretreatment(More)
The characteristics of tunnel junctions formed between n-and p-doped graphene are investigated theoretically. The single-particle tunnel current that flows between the two-dimensional electronic states of the graphene (2D–2D tunneling) is evaluated. At a voltage bias such that the Dirac points of the two electrodes are aligned, a large resonant current peak(More)
The spatially resolved thermoelectric power is studied on epitaxial graphene on SiC with direct correspondence to graphene atomic structures by a scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) method. A thermovoltage arises from a temperature gradient between the STM tip and the sample, and variations of thermovoltage are distinguished at defects and boundaries with(More)
Transient absorption microscopy was employed to image charge carrier dynamics in epitaxial multilayer graphene. The carrier cooling exhibited a biexponential decay that showed a significant dependence on carrier density. The fast and slow relaxation times were assigned to coupling between electrons and optical phonon modes and the hot phonon effect,(More)