Randall J. Roper

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Trisomic Ts65Dn mice show direct parallels with many phenotypes of Down syndrome (DS), including effects on the structure of cerebellum and hippocampus. A small segment of Hsa21 known as the 'DS critical region' (DSCR) has been held to contain a gene or genes sufficient to cause impairment in learning and memory tasks involving the hippocampus. To test this(More)
Trisomy 21 is the cause of Down [corrected] syndrome (DS) which is characterized by a number of phenotypes, including a brain which is small and hypocellular compared to that of euploid individuals. The cerebellum is disproportionately reduced. Ts65Dn mice are trisomic for orthologs of about half of the genes on human chromosome 21 and provide a genetic(More)
Two mouse models are widely used for Down syndrome (DS) research. The Ts65Dn mouse carries a small chromosome derived primarily from mouse chromosome 16, causing dosage imbalance for approximately half of human chromosome 21 orthologs. These mice have cerebellar pathology with direct parallels to DS. The Ts1Cje mouse, containing a translocated chromosome(More)
Ts65Dn mice inherit a marker chromosome, T(17(16))65Dn, producing segmental trisomy for orthologs of about half of the genes on human chromosome 21. These mice display a number of phenotypes that are directly comparable to those in humans with trisomy 21 and are the most widely used animal model of Down syndrome (DS). However, the husbandry of Ts65Dn mice(More)
Ts65Dn is a mouse model of Down syndrome: a syndrome that results from chromosome (Chr) 21 trisomy and is associated with congenital defects, cognitive impairment, and ultimately Alzheimer’s disease. Ts65Dn mice have segmental trisomy for distal mouse Chr 16, a region sharing conserved synteny with human Chr 21. As a result, this strain harbors three copies(More)
The steroid hormone estradiol (E2) elicits a spectrum of systemic and uterotropic responses in vivo. For example, E2 treatment of ovariectomized adult and sexually immature rodents leads to uterine leukocytic infiltration, cell proliferation, and organ growth. E2-regulated growth is also associated with a variety of normal and pathological phenotypes.(More)
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), the principal animal model of multiple sclerosis, is a genetically determined phenotype. In this study, analyses of the cumulative disease frequencies in parental, F1 hybrid, and F2 mice, derived from the EAE-susceptible SJL/J strain and the EAE-resistant B10.S/DvTe strain, confirmed that susceptibility to EAE(More)
Trisomy 21 results in phenotypes collectively referred to as Down syndrome (DS) including characteristic facial dysmorphology. Ts65Dn mice are trisomic for orthologs of about half of the genes found on human chromosome 21 and exhibit DS-like craniofacial abnormalities, including a small dysmorphic mandible. Quantitative analysis of neural crest (NC)(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder resulting from trisomy 21 that causes cognitive impairment, low muscle tone and craniofacial alterations. Morphometric studies of the craniofacial and appendicular skeleton in individuals with DS suggest that bone development and homeostasis are affected by trisomy. The Ts65Dn mouse model has three copies of(More)