Randall J. Kuykendall

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We evaluated multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MEE) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) for their usefulness in subtyping 344 Cryptococcus neoformans clinical isolates obtained from four U.S. metropolitan areas in 1992 to 1994. MEE and RAPD with five primers both discriminated between the two varieties of C. neofromans. MEE divided C. neoformans(More)
Candida glabrata is the second leading cause of candidemia in U.S. hospitals. Current guidelines suggest that an echinocandin be used as the primary therapy for the treatment of C. glabrata disease due to the high rate of resistance to fluconazole. Recent case reports indicate that C. glabrata resistance to echinocandins may be increasing. We performed(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequence for the DNA encoding the 5.8S RNAs and downstream internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) regions for Candida albicans and the taxonomically related species C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, C. glabrata and C. krusei. Phylogenetic analysis of all known fungal 5.8S RNA sequences revealed a close relationship between C.(More)
Candida albicans, the primary causative agent of candidiasis, is a ubiquitous member of the human flora and is capable of causing severe invasive disease. Despite its importance as a human pathogen, little is known concerning those factors creating and maintaining genetic diversity within the species and how extant strains reflect their evolutionary(More)
Isolates of Candida parapsilosis, including representatives of the three major sub-species groups, were screened for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by sequencing five independent loci totaling 4kb per isolate. Group I isolates were highly conserved and in some cases, group I alleles were found in group II and III strains. Unique alleles were also(More)
Three proposed quantitative markers for candidiasis, arabinitol, mannose, and mannan in serum, are compared in 50 normal blood donors and 38 high-risk patients, 23 with and 15 without invasive candidiasis. Arabinitol concentrations in serum, the arabinitol/creatinine ratio, and mannose concentrations in serum were significantly greater in the 15 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Candida parapsilosis is a common cause of sporadic and epidemic infections in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). When a cluster of C. parapsilosis bloodstream infections occurred in NICU patients in a hospital in Louisiana, it provided us with the opportunity to conduct an epidemiologic investigation and to apply newly developed molecular(More)
Candida parapsilosis shows a wide intraspecies variation in chromosome/homolog size distribution. As a prerequisite for delineating modes of transmission, we have undertaken an analysis of genetic variation at different levels. In the present study we have observed that a majority of isolates display similar electrophoretic karyotype patterns consistent for(More)
Three dominant proteins (41, 48, and 49 kDa) were detected by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) in purified preparations of the extracellular aspartyl proteinase (AP) of Candida albicans. All three proteins bound to the specific carboxyl proteinase ligand, pepstatin A, and were associated with maximum AP activity. The(More)
Flucytosine and itraconazole are the only antifungal agents for which the Clinical Laboratory and Standards Institute recommendations include MIC breakpoint readings at 48 h only. Here we show good essential and categorical agreement between the flucytosine MIC readings at 48 and 24 h for Candida species.