Randall G. Cameron

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Evaluation of the four ethanologenic constructs of bacteria in the genus Erwinia indicates that two strains E. chrysanthemi EC16 and E. carotovora SR38 show promise for development of direct hydrolysis and fermentation of pectin-rich substrates to mixtures of ethanol and acetate. Both strains fermented glucose to ethanol in nearly theoretical yields, but(More)
A preliminary survey demonstrated activity for alpha-D-glucosidase, alpha-D-mannosidase, alpha-L-arabinosidase, beta-D-glucosidase, beta-D-xylosidase, and beta-D-galactosidase in orange fruit flavedo and albedo tissue. alpha-L-Rhamnosidase was not detected. Subsequently, a beta-glucosidase was purified from mature fruit rag tissue (composed of(More)
Approximately 1 million metric tons of grapefruit were processed in the 2003/04 season resulting in 500,000 metric tons of peel waste. Grapefruit peel waste is usually dried, pelletized, and sold as a low-value cattle feed. This study tested different loadings of commercial cellulase and pectinase enzymes and pH levels to hydrolyze grapefruit peel waste to(More)
More than 90% of oranges in Florida are processed, and since Huanglongbing (HLB) disease has been rumored to affect fruit flavor, chemical and physical analyses were conducted on fruit and juice from healthy (Las -) and diseased (Las +) trees on three juice processing varieties over two seasons, and in some cases several harvests. Fruit, both asymptomatic(More)
The conversion of monosaccharides in orange peel hydrolysates to ethanol by recombinant Escherichia coli KO11 has been investigated in pH-controlled batch fermentations at 32 and 37 degrees C. pH values and concentration of peel hydrolysate were varied to determine approximate optimal conditions and limitations of these fermentations. Very high yields of(More)
The pectin methylesterase (PME; EC 3.1.1.11) present in a commercial orange peel enzyme preparation was characterized to establish its identity among the multiple PME isozymes present in Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis L.) peel. We show the commercial enzyme corresponds to the major peak 2 PME previously separated by heparin-Sepharose chromatography(More)
We purified a Carica papaya pectin methylesterase (CpL-PME; EC 3.1.1.11) from a commercial papain preparation. This CpL-PME was separated from the abundant cysteine endopeptidases activities using sequential hydrophobic interaction and cation-exchange chromatographies and then purified by affinity chromatography using Sepharose-immobilized kiwi PME(More)
The thermally tolerant pectin methylesterase (TT-PME) was isolated as a monocomponent enzyme from sweet orange fruit (Citrus sinensis var. Valencia). It was also isolated from flower and vegetative tissue. The apparent molecular weight of fruit TT-PME was 40800 by SDS-PAGE and the isoelectric point estimated as pI 9.31 by IEF-PAGE. MALDI-TOF MS identified(More)
Juice was extracted from Valencia oranges using three different extractor settings. Differential juice cloud stability was observed. Soft-extracted juice was the most stable, and hard-extracted juice was the least stable. The medium-extracted juice had intermediate cloud stability. Yearly (1997 versus 1998) differences were observed, but the relationship(More)