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Concentrations of dissolved organic carbon have increased in many, but not all, surface waters across acid impacted areas of Europe and North America over the last two decades. Over the last eight years several hypotheses have been put forward to explain these increases, but none are yet accepted universally. Research in this area appears to have reached a(More)
Type 1, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is an autoimmune disease associated with loss of tolerance to several pancreatic islet cell molecules, including insulin, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), ICA69 and the tyrosine phosphatase IA-2 (refs 1-3). Among several predisposing loci, IDDM2 maps to the insulin gene (INS) VNTR (variable number of(More)
A genetic component in the etiology of Alzheimer disease (AD) has been supported by indirect evidence for several years, with autosomal dominant inheritance with age-dependent penetrance being suggested to explain the familial aggregation of affecteds. St. George Hyslop et al. reported linkage of familial AD (FAD) in four early-onset families (mean age at(More)
During human skin development, embryonic- and fetal-specific periderm cells and incompletely keratinized cells are replaced by keratinocytes that differentiate while stratifying to form the fully functional epidermis. Proliferating basal cells of fetal skin also develop into epidermal appendages such as hair follicles and glands. We demonstrate that(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive genetic disorder for which the biochemical defect is as yet unknown. Recently, two cloned segments of human X-chromosome DNA have been described which detect structural alterations within or near the genetic locus responsible for the disorder. Both of these cloned segments were described as tightly(More)
The Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) locus has been localized to the short arm of the human X chromosome (Xp21) by detection of structural abnormalities and by genetic linkage studies. A library highly enriched for human DNA from Xp21 was constructed using DNA isolated from a male patient who had a visible deletion and three X-linked disorders (DMD,(More)
In the canine model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in golden retrievers (GRMD), a point mutation within the splice acceptor site of intron 6 leads to deletion of exon 7 from the dystrophin mRNA, and the consequent frameshift causes early termination of translation. We have designed a DNA and RNA chimeric oligonucleotide to induce host cell mismatch repair(More)
We found that light-induced Fe(III) reduction associated with the oxidation of a simple hydroxy-carboxylic acid (lactate) caused the formation of the AlO4Al12(OH)24(H2O)12 polycation ("Al13"). Initial conditions were a lactate:Al:Fe ratio of 1:0.76:0.11 in a partially neutralized solution. Base was added rapidly and no Al13 was detected in samples kept in(More)
Expression of a fluorescent reporter gene has been studied using two alternate promoters to transcribe the green fluorescent protein (gfp) from Aequorea victoria. The human cytomegalovirus (CMV) enhancer/ promoter or the human muscle-specific creatine kinase promoter (CKM) were inserted along with the gfp cDNA into a plasmid expression vector based on a(More)
Myotonic muscular dystrophy (DM) is the most common muscular dystrophy, affecting adults as well as children. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and is characterized by variable expressivity and late age-of-onset. Linkage studies have established the locus on chromosome 19. In order to identify tightly linked probes for diagnosis as well as to(More)