Randall B. Meacham

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the coupled oxidative stress have been associated with tumor formation. Several studies suggested that ROS can act as secondary messengers and control various signaling cascades. In the present studies, we characterized the oxidative stress status in three different prostate cancer cells (PC3, DU145, and LNCaP) exhibiting(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of ejaculatory duct obstruction as a cause for male factor infertility and review the treatment of this condition. DESIGN A retrospective study was carried out involving male patients diagnosed as having ejaculatory duct obstruction as a contributing cause for their subfertility. SETTING Patients were evaluated and treated(More)
The association between male subfertility and varicocele has long been recognized. Physical examination is the most widely used method for detecting varicoceles but other techniques may be more sensitive. Color Doppler sonography has the theoretical advantage of allowing direct demonstration of reversed flow in the testicular veins. The frequency of(More)
Partial ejaculatory duct obstruction, due to either a congenital or an acquired cyst or ejaculatory duct stenosis secondary to calcification, chronic inflammation, can produce a wide spectrum of seminal fluid abnormalities. Sperm density may range from azoospermia to normospermia while ejaculate volume can be low to normal. Sperm motility is consistently(More)
Prostate-derived Ets factor (PDEF) is expressed in tissues of high epithelial content including prostate, although its precise function has not been fully established. Conventional therapies produce a high rate of cure for patients with localized prostate cancer, but there is, at present, no effective treatment for intervention in metastatic prostate(More)
In the United States since 1980, the birth rate in women aged > 35 years has increased by nearly 60%, whereas the birth rate for women aged 20 to 34 years has increased by only 10%. The trend in parenthood at an older age has also been seen in men. Since 1980, the fertility rate for men in their 30s has increased by 21% and for men aged 40 years and older,(More)
In transitional cell carcinoma, the most common form of bladder cancer, overexpression of the matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9 offers prognostic value as markers of disease-specific survival. These molecules have been implicated in metastasis of bladder cancer, but the underlying mechanisms through which they are controlled are poorly defined. In(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the impact of experimentally created varicocele on ipsilateral and contralateral testicular germ cells in the rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Experimental left varicocele was created by partial ligation of the left renal vein in 17 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. An additional 5 rats that underwent laparotomy and renal vein handling(More)
When couples elect to defer child bearing, the effects of age on reproductive potential must be considered. The impact of advancing age on female reproductive potential has been well documented. Relatively less attention, however, has been directed toward the effect of age on male reproductive function. Although less pronounced than its effect on female(More)
CONTEXT Aging in men is associated with reduced testosterone (T) levels and physiological changes leading to frailty, but the benefits of T supplementation are inconclusive. OBJECTIVE We studied the effects of T supplementation with and without progressive resistance training (PRT) on functional performance, strength, and body composition. DESIGN,(More)