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Force-sensing resistors (FSRs) were used to detect the transitions between five main phases of gait for the control of electrical stimulation (ES) while walking with seven children with spastic diplegia, cerebral palsy. The FSR positions within each child's insoles were customized based on plantar pressure profiles determined using a pressure-sensitive(More)
The objective of this study was to develop and test the feasibility of a model that employs electromyographic (EMG) signals to predict the occurrence of gait events in the child with cerebral palsy (CP). This model could be the basis of a future functional electrical stimulation (FES) control system to assist gait. Two children were implanted with bifilar(More)
STUDY DESIGN The design was a nonexperimental, repeated measures design. OBJECTIVE To examine the reliability of repeated diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) values of the pediatric cord and to compare DTI values with values obtained on the clinical examination and findings from conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA DTI(More)
Congenital ocular motor apraxia type Cogan is characterized by impairment of horizontal voluntary eye movements, ocular attraction movements, and optokinetic nystagmus. Two patients with congenital ocular motor apraxia type Cogan exhibited a newly recognized association with nephronophthisis type 1, an autosomal recessive kidney disease. Both patients(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research has suggested a correlation between pulmonary impairment and thoracic spinal deformity. The curve magnitude, number of involved vertebrae, curve location, and decrease in thoracic kyphosis independently contribute to pulmonary impairment, but the strength of these associations has been variable. The objectives of this study were(More)
An adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) with a supervisory control system (SCS) was used to predict the occurrence of gait events using the electromyographic (EMG) activity of lower extremity muscles in the child with cerebral palsy (CP). This is anticipated to form the basis of a control algorithm for the application of electrical stimulation (ES)(More)
PURPOSE Various series have reported successful management of scoliosis after surgical treatment of the associated Chiari malformation, syrinx, or bracing. Multiple factors have been associated with curve progression, but interpretation of outcomes is confounded by the wide range of reported results and size of individual series. We attempted to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to report the results of rater agreement for the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISCSCI) motor and sensory scores before and after training in the testing technique. METHODS Six raters performed sequential motor and sensory examinations on 5 adolescents with(More)
The sagittal spinopelvic balance is poorly documented in normal pediatric subjects. The purpose of this study is to characterize the sagittal spinopelvic balance in the pediatric population and to evaluate the correlations between spinopelvic parameters. Seven parameters were evaluated from the lateral standing radiographs of 341 normal subjects aged 3-18(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) applied to the muscles acting on the pelvis, hip, and knee on muscle strength, energy cost of walking, maximum walking distance and speed, step length and cadence, and joint kinematics during gait in 3 ambulatory adolescents with incomplete spinal cord injury(More)