Randal L. Croshaw

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Human cancer is caused by the accumulation of mutations in oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. To catalog the genetic changes that occur during tumorigenesis, we isolated DNA from 11 breast and 11 colorectal tumors and determined the sequences of the genes in the Reference Sequence database in these samples. Based on analysis of exons representing 20,857(More)
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) replaced open surgical gastrostomy (OSG) as the preferred method for enteric access soon after its introduction in 1980. Since that time, laparoscopic gastrostomy (LG), percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG), and laparoscopic-assisted PEG (LAPEG) have been introduced. PEG and PRG have been found to be over 95 per(More)
Breast-conserving therapy (BCT) for sporadic breast cancer has been widely accepted by surgeons and patients alike. While BCT is associated with a higher risk of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), it has not been shown to decrease overall survival (OS) in comparison with mastectomy. Many women with a BRCA1/2 mutation opt for mastectomy instead of(More)
To determine the accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of clinical examination and breast imaging techniques in determining pathologic complete response in patients with locally advanced breast cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. A retrospective review was performed of data collected from patients treated with either(More)
The short arm of chromosome 8 is frequently deleted in advanced human colorectal cancers, suggesting the presence of one or more tumor suppressor genes having a major role in tumor progression and metastasis. Comprehensive sequencing of over 18,000 genes in colon and breast cancers identified somatic mutations in CUB and Sushi Multiple Domains 1 Gene(More)
We used digital long serial analysis of gene expression to discover gene expression differences between node-negative and node-positive colorectal tumors and developed a multigene classifier able to discriminate between these two tumor types. We prepared and sequenced long serial analysis of gene expression libraries from one node-negative and one(More)
The need for completion axillary dissection after a positive sentinel node biopsy continues to be challenged. In the 2 years since we last reviewed this subject, a number of authors have shared their experiences about micrometastatic disease and isolated tumor cells, opining both for and against axillary treatment. Data from the ACOSOG Z0011 trial and other(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety, toxicity, and planning concerns involved in accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) for patients with breast cancer who have a pacemaker or an automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD) and who desire breast conservation. We performed a review of prospectively obtained data for(More)
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