Learn More
The kinetics of retroviral DNA and RNA synthesis are parameters vital to understanding viral growth, especially for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which encodes several of its own regulatory genes. We have established a single-cycle growth condition for HIV in H9 cells, a human CD4+ lymphocyte line. The full-length viral linear DNA is first detectable(More)
A human mAb (HmAb) termed F105 was obtained by fusion of antibody-producing EBV-transformed cells with the HMMA2.11TG/O cell line. F105 is an IgG1 kappa antibody that binds to the surfaces of cells infected with all HIV-1 strains tested: MN, RF, IIIB, and SF2, but not uninfected cells. The HmAb immunoprecipitates GP120 from all four strains. F105 does not(More)
The production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and IL-1 beta by the monocytic cell line THP-1, productively infected with HIV-1, was investigated using specific RIA and Northern blot analysis. HIV-infected cells, like uninfected cells, did not constitutively produce any detectable amounts of protein or mRNA for TNF alpha or IL-1 beta. After(More)
The interaction of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) was investigated in an acute whole-virus coinfection system. CD4+ lymphoid CEM cells were infected with HIV-1 and, 24 h later, superinfected with HSV-1 (strain KOS) or HSV mutants possessing defined deletions in genes specifying the immediate-early transcriptional(More)
VX-950 is a potent, selective, peptidomimetic inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3-4A serine protease, and it demonstrated excellent antiviral activity both in genotype 1b HCV replicon cells (50% inhibitory concentration [IC50] = 354 nM) and in human fetal hepatocytes infected with genotype 1a HCV-positive patient sera (IC50 = 280 nM). VX-950 forms(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and clinical implications of naturally occurring variants that are resistant to hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitors in treatment-naive patients has not been reported. We report here the prevalence of such variants and their effect on clinical response. METHODS Population sequence analysis of the NS3.4A protease was(More)
The functional ability of the human monoclonal antibody (HMab) F105 to neutralize commonly available laboratory strains and a selection of primary isolates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 was studied. F105 is representative of a class of human antibodies that react with conformational epitopes within the discontinuous CD4 binding site on HIV-1(More)
GEM 91 (gene expression modulator) is a 25-mer oligonucleotide phosphorothioate complementary to the gag initiation site of HIV-1. GEM 91 has been studied in various in vitro cell culture models to examine inhibitory effects on different stages of HIV-1 replication. Experiments were focused on the binding of virions to the cell surface, inhibition of virus(More)