Randa E Yee

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The transport of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine ([18F]FDOPA) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and neuronal membranes was compared with that of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) in rats. The carotid injection method was used as a direct measurement of [18F]FDOPA, 1-[14C]-L-DOPA, and 3-[14C]-L-DOPA transport across the BBB, while isolated(More)
Striatal 6-[18F]fluoro-L-DOPA (FDOPA) kinetic rate constants were measured by positron emission tomography (PET) in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated squirrel monkeys. After scanning, stereological counts of dopaminergic neurons were done in substantia nigra, and dopamine (DA) and metabolite concentrations were determined in the(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the in vitro regional accumulation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) in brain tissue. PROCEDURE Neuronal membrane transport of L-DOPA was investigated in rat and squirrel monkey brain tissue. The kinetics of L-DOPA regional transport was characterized, and the effect of amino acids on transport was evaluated using isolated(More)
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity was examined in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET) using 6-[18F]fluoro-L-DOPA (FDOPA) in squirrel monkeys lesioned with graded doses of the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). In vitro biochemical determinations of AAAD activity in caudate, putamen, substantia nigra,(More)
Variations in the cerebellum to plasma ratio at late times in 6-[18F]fluoro-L-DOPA studies are shown to be consistent with competitive binding of large neutral amino acids for a common transporter in the blood-brain barrier and the stability of brain tissue large neutral amino acid level in the presence of plasma level changes. The distribution volume of an(More)
The distribution volume (DV) of 6-[F-18]fluoro-L-DOPA (FDOPA) in the cerebellum recently has been linked using positron emission tomography (PET) to plasma large neutral amino acid (LNAA) concentrations in monkeys. In this article the authors provide additional experimental support for this relation by directly measuring the DV as the steady-state tissue to(More)
The peripherally born metabolite of FDOPA, 3-O-Methyl-FDOPA (3OMFD), crosses the blood-brain barrier, thus complicating positron emission tomography-FDOPA (PET-FDOPA) data analysis. In previous reports the distribution volume (DV) of 3OMFD was constrained to unity. We have recently shown that the forward transport rate-constant of FDOPA (K(S1)) and the(More)
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