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Despite the importance that is attributed to coping as a factor in psychological and somatic health outcomes, little is known about actual coping processes, the variables that influence them, and their relation to the outcomes of the stressful encounters people experience in their day-to-day lives. This study uses an intraindividual analysis of the(More)
In this study we examined the relation between personality factors (mastery and interpersonal trust), primary appraisal (the stakes a person has in a stressful encounter), secondary appraisal (options for coping), eight forms of problem- and emotion-focused coping, and somatic health status and psychological symptoms in a sample of 150 community-residing(More)
In Alzheimer disease (AD) patients, early memory dysfunction is associated with glucose hypometabolism and neuronal loss in the hippocampus. Double transgenic (Tg) mice co-expressing the M146L presenilin 1 (PS1) and K670N/M671L, the double "Swedish" amyloid precursor protein (APP) mutations, are a model of AD amyloid-beta deposition (Abeta) that exhibits(More)
In vivo microdialysis techniques were used to examine whether endogenous excitatory amino acids exert a tonic facilitatory influence on striatal dopamine release. Local application of NMDA and non-NMDA antagonists at 10 microM was without an effect on basal dopamine release while 100 microM and 1 mM of these drugs significantly enhanced the release. Our(More)
Microdialysis and in vivo voltammetry combined with K(+)-selective microelectrodes were utilized to study the effect of L-glutamate (GLU) on the in vivo release of dopamine (DA) from the rat striatum. Perfusion of 500 nM-5 mM GLU through the microdialysis probe was without an effect on DA outflow whereas 10 mM GLU resulted in a significant (295%) increase(More)
Rats were placed in one of two novel test environments for behavioral observation. In one, exploratory behavior (assessed by hole pokes) and locomotion were assessed during a 10-min test session. In the other, the chewing of varied objects on the cage floor was rated over a 20-min session. Within 2-18 days, animals were anesthetized and microdialysis probes(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether variability in GABA (eta-aminobutyric acid)A receptor binding in cortical and subcortical brain regions was correlated with locomotor activity in a novel environment. Twenty four animals were rated for locomotor activity in a novel circular runway. Eight days later, locomotor activity was assessed(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a family of signal transduction mediators that regulate a host of cellular activities, including cell growth and proliferation, and differentiation and survival, via sequential phosphorylation and activation of a cassette of three protein kinases. MAPKs are also recruited when the brain undergoes synaptic(More)
The present study was designed to examine the effects of chronic stress on GABAA receptor binding. Animals were randomly assigned to either a control, acute, or chronic stress condition and changes in specific binding were assessed using the GABAA receptor antagonist [3H]SR 95531. Exposure to chronic restraint stress led to a significant reduction in GABAA(More)