Rand J. Gruen

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Despite the importance that is attributed to coping as a factor in psychological and somatic health outcomes, little is known about actual coping processes, the variables that influence them, and their relation to the outcomes of the stressful encounters people experience in their day-to-day lives. This study uses an intraindividual analysis of the(More)
In this study we examined the relation between personality factors (mastery and interpersonal trust), primary appraisal (the stakes a person has in a stressful encounter), secondary appraisal (options for coping), eight forms of problem- and emotion-focused coping, and somatic health status and psychological symptoms in a sample of 150 community-residing(More)
In Alzheimer disease (AD) patients, early memory dysfunction is associated with glucose hypometabolism and neuronal loss in the hippocampus. Double transgenic (Tg) mice co-expressing the M146L presenilin 1 (PS1) and K670N/M671L, the double "Swedish" amyloid precursor protein (APP) mutations, are a model of AD amyloid-beta deposition (Abeta) that exhibits(More)
The management of hemodynamically unstable patients with displaced pelvic ring fractures and associated abdominal, thoracic, or head injuries is controversial. We studied 312 consecutive trauma patients with pelvic fractures admitted from July 1, 1989 through June 30, 1993: thirty-six of these patients were in shock (SBP < or = 90 mm Hg) and were treated by(More)
Microdialysis and in vivo voltammetry combined with K(+)-selective microelectrodes were utilized to study the effect of L-glutamate (GLU) on the in vivo release of dopamine (DA) from the rat striatum. Perfusion of 500 nM-5 mM GLU through the microdialysis probe was without an effect on DA outflow whereas 10 mM GLU resulted in a significant (295%) increase(More)
Rats were placed in one of two novel test environments for behavioral observation. In one, exploratory behavior (assessed by hole pokes) and locomotion were assessed during a 10-min test session. In the other, the chewing of varied objects on the cage floor was rated over a 20-min session. Within 2-18 days, animals were anesthetized and microdialysis probes(More)
The present study was designed to determine whether variability in GABA (eta-aminobutyric acid)A receptor binding in cortical and subcortical brain regions was correlated with locomotor activity in a novel environment. Twenty four animals were rated for locomotor activity in a novel circular runway. Eight days later, locomotor activity was assessed(More)
In vivo microdialysis techniques were used to examine whether endogenous excitatory amino acids exert a tonic facilitatory influence on striatal dopamine release. Local application of NMDA and non-NMDA antagonists at 10 microM was without an effect on basal dopamine release while 100 microM and 1 mM of these drugs significantly enhanced the release. Our(More)
An unstable pelvic ring fracture represents a severe injury and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Little data are available assessing the long-term functional limitations, including disability, in a patient with an unstable pelvic ring fracture. The purpose of this study was to describe the impairment and functional outcome (disability) for(More)