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Markers of renal tubular injury are difficult to interpret in patients with proteinura. The 24-hour urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) concentration was measured in 167 patients with dissimilar renal disease, function, and proteinuria. NAG isoenzymes were also separated in 69 patients, using a modified fast protein liquid chromatography(More)
Oral sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is widely used to treat acidosis in patients with renal failure. However, no data are available in man on the effects on proximal renal tubular protein catabolism or markers of tubular injury. We have developed methods to allow such studies, and both increased tubular catabolism of 99mTc-labelled aprotinin (Apr*), as well as(More)
In patients with proteinuria, indices of tubular damage are unreliable since filtered plasma enzymes could contribute to tubular enzymuria. Previous work has suggested the existence of various forms of the 'A' isoenzyme of N-acetyl-beta, D-glucosaminidase (NAG), one of which could be kidney specific and thus a useful marker of renal tubular damage. By using(More)
This analysis was performed to define the incidence of pretransplant microbial contamination of donor kidneys, and to assess the resultant morbidity including infections requiring therapy, and graft loss. Case records of all 638 renal allograft recipients patients transplanted in our centre during the period June 1990 to October 2000 were studied. All the(More)
Proteinuria is pathogenic to proximal tubular cells (PTC) and linked with progression to renal failure. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of human serum albumin (HSA) overload on the changes in gene and protein expression stimulated by oxidative stress in PTC and any interaction with ANG II that is pivotal in disease pathogenesis. Markers(More)
Two patients with pneumococcal bacteraemia complicated by endophthalmitis are described. While this condition appears to have been relatively common in the preantibiotic era, a review of the literature since 1950 only identified six additional case reports. Analysis of these eight cases reveals two patterns: unilateral disease in six patients and bilateral(More)
Women with functioning transplanted kidneys often become fertile again. Indeed, renal function, endocrine status and libido rapidly improve after renal transplantation, and 1:50 women of childbearing age become pregnant. However, there is concern regarding the haemodynamic changes of pregnancy, which could lead to a decline in graft function (temporary or(More)