Rana M. Temsah

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OBJECTIVES In view of the critical role of intracellular Ca2 overload in the genesis of myocyte dysfunction and the ability of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to induce the intracellular Ca2+-overload, this article is concerned with analysis of the existing literature with respect to the role of oxidative stress in different types of cardiovascular diseases.(More)
In view of the depressed sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-pump and Ca2+-release activities in the diabetic heart and the critical role of phosphorylation in regulating the SR function, we examined the status of Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA)-mediated phosphorylations in the diabetic heart. Diabetes(More)
In view of the critical role of sarcoplasmic reticular (SR) Ca(2+) release and the Ca(2+) pump in cardiac contraction-relaxation, this study was undertaken to assess the status of SR function, protein content, and gene expression in isolated rat hearts subjected to global ischemia for 30 min followed by 60 min of reperfusion (I/R). Attenuated recovery of(More)
Although the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is known to regulate the intracellular concentration of Ca2+ and the SR function has been shown to become abnormal during ischemia-reperfusion in the heart, the mechanisms for this defect are not fully understood. Because phosphorylation of SR proteins plays a crucial role in the regulation of SR function, we(More)
Although Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase-II (CaMK) is known to phosphorylate different Ca(2+) cycling proteins in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and regulate its function, the status of CaMK in heart failure has not been investigated previously. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that changes in the CaMK-mediated phosphorylation(More)
Although Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase-II (CaMK) is known to phosphorylate different Ca cycling proteins in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and regulate its function, the status of CaMK in heart failure has not been investigated previously. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that changes in the CaMK-mediated phosphorylation of the SR(More)
Although beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR) blockers are used for the treatment of ischemic heart disease, the mechanisms of their beneficial actions have not been fully elucidated. In view of the role of sarcoplasmic reticular (SR) abnormalities in cardiac dysfunction due to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), we examined the effects of beta-AR blockers on the(More)
We have previously shown that ischemic preconditioning (IP) improves cardiac performance and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function in hearts subjected to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). In this study, we examined the effect of IP on I/R-induced changes in gene expression for SR proteins such as the Ca(2+) release channel, Ca(2+) pump ATPase, phospholamban, and(More)
Although ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) has been shown to depress cardiac performance and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function, the mechanisms underlying these alterations are poorly understood. Because lack of oxygen and substrate deprivation are known to occur during the ischemic phase, we examined the effects of reperfusion on cardiac performance and SR(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is involved in exacerbating vascular abnormalities; however, its role in mediating changes in cardiac function due to myocardial injury has yet to be established. This study examined the effect of sarpogrelate, a 5-HT(2A) receptor blocker, in preventing cardiac dysfunction due to(More)