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The world’s largest retailers—Walmart, Carrefour, Tesco, and Metro—all entered China after 1995. They established hundreds of stores as well as centers for procuring goods to be sold worldwide. Multinational retailers may affect Chinese exports through two channels. First, they could inform outlets in other countries where they operate about the products(More)
Inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate receptor-mediated (IP3R-mediated) calcium (Ca2+) release has been proposed to play an important role in regulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) contraction for decades. However, whether and how IP3R regulates blood pressure in vivo remains unclear. To address these questions, we have generated a smooth muscle-specific(More)
Primary myofibroblastic sarcomas of the pulmonary artery are very uncommon, but early detection is critical. Common clinical symptoms include shortness of breath, chest discomfort, and syncope. Patients diagnosed with a pulmonary tumor have a high risk of fatal pulmonary embolism. In this case study, we identified and diagnosed pulmonary artery(More)
When do participants in a market have the incentive to enter into agreements that exclude potential entrants? This paper synthesizes, extends and illustrates the theory of exclusionary contracts. In a model of incumbent contracts with downstream buyers, a “Chicago benchmark”yields no incentive for exclusionary long term contracts. Departures from the(More)
  • Ran Jing, CESIFO WORKING, +5 authors Wei-chi
  • 2011
This paper studies the performance of China’s exports during the 2008—2009 financial crisis. It focuses on the speed at which China’s exports were hit by this downturn. Product-country monthly exports data is utilized. It is found that GDP growth rates of importing countries play an important role in explaining how fast exports fall below the values of the(More)
OBJECTIVES A new surgical technique named triple-branched stent graft was developed and reported to have excellent clinical results for Stanford type A aortic dissection. However, we found some potential risks, in our experience, of this technique. We compared this technique with total arch replacement combined with stented elephant trunk implantation in(More)
BACKGROUND The epigenetic changes underlying the development of rheumatic heart valve disease (RHVD) remain incompletely understood. Limited evidence suggests that abnormal DNA methylation might be involved in the pathogenesis of RHVD. In the present study, we evaluated the DNA methylation dysregulations from myocardial tissue in RHVD patients(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to determine the effects of intermittent hypoxia training (IHT), with and without fatty-diet, on bodyweight, serum glucose, leptin, insulin, and their receptors, and to test whether erythropoietin (EPO) mediates these effects. METHODS Kunming mice were divided into four groups. 1: untreated control; 2: IHT; 3:(More)
microRNA-99a (miR-99a) is recently recognized as a key regulator in various cancers and cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we sought to investigate the effects of miR-99a in rat cardiomyocyte H9c2 cells against oxidative injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).MTT assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay, flow cytometry and lactate(More)