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BACKGROUND Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) has proven efficacious for the treatment of malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (mMCAI) only in patients less than 60 years. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of DHC in patients up to 80. METHODS This is a prospective, randomized, controlled trail comparing the outcomes with or without DHC(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been previously shown that B7-H4, one of the B7 family members that serve as negative regulators of T cell function, has altered expression levels in a variety of cancers, overexpression of B7-H4 promotes cellular transformation. However, there is still lack of adequate evidence to establish a direct connection between B7-H4 expression(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding small RNAs that act as negative regulators of gene expression. To identify miRNAs that may regulate human cell immortalization and carcinogenesis, we performed comparative miRNA array profiling of human normal and SV40-T antigen immortalized cells. We found that miR-296 was upregulated in immortalized cells that(More)
Bcl-2 family of proteins consists of both pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic members that control cellular apoptosis. They predominantly reside in the mitochondria and control the release of apoptotic factors from the mitochondria to the cytosol by regulating its membrane potential and opening the PT (permeability transition) pore. Here we report(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer is a leading cause of death accounting for 15-20% of global mortality. Although advancements in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have improved cancer survival statistics, 75% of the world population live in underdeveloped regions and have poor access to the advanced medical remedies. Natural therapies hence become an alternative(More)
The accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide plaques is the major pathogenic event in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Because β-site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) cleaves APP at the first amino acid of the Aβ domain and is the rate-limiting enzyme for Aβ peptide generation, the level of this aspartic protease is a focus of AD research.(More)
Ashwagandha is an important herb used in the Indian system of traditional home medicine, Ayurveda. Alcoholic extract (i-Extract) from its leaves and its component, withanone, were previously shown to possess anticancer activity. In the present study, we developed a combination of withanone and withaferin A, major withanolides in the i-Extract, that retained(More)
Mortalin binds to p53 tumor suppressor protein and sequesters it in the cytoplasm. This results in an inhibition of the transcriptional activation and control of centrosome duplication functions of p53, thus contributing to human carcinogenesis. Abrogation of mortalin-p53 interaction and reactivation of p53 function could be a valid proposition for cancer(More)
Aging is a complex process accompanied by a decreased capacity of cells to cope with random damages induced by reactive oxygen species, the natural by-products of energy metabolism, leading to protein aggregation in various components of the cell. Chaperones are important players in the aging process as they prevent protein misfolding and aggregation. Small(More)
Self-assembly via nanoscale phase separation offers an elegant route to fabricate nanocomposites with physical properties unattainable in single-component systems. One important class of nanocomposites are optical metamaterials which exhibit exotic properties and lead to opportunities for agile control of light propagation. Such metamaterials are typically(More)