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Diabetic nephropathy is the most serious complication in diabetes mellitus. It is known that oxidative stress and inflammation play a central role in the development of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we investigated that ferulic acid (FA) known as anti-oxidative agent could effect on diabetic nephropathy by anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory(More)
Rutin is aflavonoid, which is found in many plants. It has been shown to reduce blood glucose and increase insulin levels in diabetic rats. In the present study, the authors aimed to elucidate the molecular basis for the observed antidiabetic activity using murine 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cultures. The treatment of differentiating 3T3-L1 cells with rutin at(More)
Renal length, height, width, resistive index (RI), size of cortex, and medulla were determined by renal ultrasonography in 50 healthy Korean domestic short-hair cats. In the sagittal plane, the renal length was 3.83 +/- 0.51 cm (mean +/- SD) in the left kidney and 3.96 +/- 0.48 cm in the right kidney, whereas the renal height was 2.42 plusmn; 0.27 cm in the(More)
An ICU is known as a data-rich environment, and information technology can improve the quality of care by utilizing stored clinical data and providing decision support effectively and in a timely manner to clinicians. The necessity of clinical decision support systems is emphasized now more than ever because patient safety and nursing-sensitive outcomes in(More)
We have previously shown that mulberry leaf extract (MA) causes blood glucose levels to decrease in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes while enhancing glucose uptake by isolated fat cells. We hypothesized that the antidiabetic activity of MA is mediated via enhancement of adiponectin secretion and adipogenesis, which consequently decreases blood(More)
BACKGROUND CCL2/C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) signalling is suggested to play a significant role in various kidney diseases including diabetic nephropathy. We investigated the renoprotective effect of a CCR2 antagonist, RS102895, on the development of diabetic nephropathy in a type 2 diabetic mouse model. METHODS Six-week-old diabetic db/db and(More)
Although peroxisome proliferator receptor (PPAR)-α and PPAR-γ agonist have been developed as chemical tools to uncover biological roles for the PPARs such as lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, PPAR-δ has not been fully investigated. In this study, we examined the effects of the PPAR-δ agonist GW0742 on fatty liver changes and inflammatory markers. We(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-δ is a ligand-activated transcription factor in regulating gene expression and is believed to play an important role in various kidney diseases including diabetic nephropathy. This study investigated the efficacy of GW610742, a highly specific agonist for PPAR-δ, for the treatment of diabetic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the physiological variables, arterial blood gas values, induction of anesthesia quality, and recovery quality using the combination of butorphanol, midazolam and alfaxalone in dogs. ANIMALS Ten healthy adult Beagle dogs weighing 8.3 ± 3.1 kg. METHODS Rectal temperature (T), pulse rate (PR), respiratory rate (f(R)), mean arterial(More)