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Powerful first-order analysis of intraprotein electron transfer is developed from electron-transfer measurements both in biological and in chemical systems. A variation of 20 A in the distance between donors and acceptors in protein changes the electron-transfer rate by 10(12)-fold. Protein presents a uniform electronic barrier to electron tunnelling and a(More)
We provide an overview of the IMPACT molecular mechanics program with an emphasis on recent developments and a description of its current functionality. With respect to core molecular mechanics technologies we include a status report for the fixed charge and polarizable force fields that can be used with the program and illustrate how the force fields, when(More)
We created a homology model of the homo-tetrameric pore domain of HERG using the crystal structure of the bacterial potassium channel, KvAP, as a template. We docked a set of known blockers with well-characterized effects on channel function into the lumen of the pore between the selectivity filter and extracellular entrance using a novel docking and(More)
A water-soluble, 62-residue, di-alpha-helical peptide has been synthesized which accommodates two bis-histidyl haem groups. The peptide assembles into a four-helix dimer with 2-fold symmetry and four parallel haems that closely resemble native haems in their spectral and electrochemical properties, including haem-haem redox interaction. This protein is an(More)
The function of G-protein-coupled receptors is tightly modulated by the lipid environment. Long-timescale molecular dynamics simulations (totaling approximately 3 mus) of the A(2A) receptor in cholesterol-free bilayers, with and without the antagonist ZM241385 bound, demonstrate the instability of helix II in the apo receptor in cholesterol-poor membrane(More)
While it may seem intuitive that using an ensemble of multiple conformations of a receptor in structure-based virtual screening experiments would necessarily yield improved enrichment of actives relative to using just a single receptor, it turns out that at least in the p38 MAP kinase model system studied here, a very large majority of all possible(More)
A new computer program (CORE) is described that predicts core hydrophobic sequences of predetermined target protein structures. A novel scoring function is employed, which for the first time incorporates parameters directly correlated to free energies of unfolding (deltaGu), melting temperatures (Tm), and cooperativity. Metropolis-driven simulated annealing(More)
Although many popular docking programs include a facility to account for covalent ligands, large-scale systematic docking validation studies of covalent inhibitors have been sparse. In this paper, we present the development and validation of a novel approach for docking and scoring covalent inhibitors, which consists of conventional noncovalent docking,(More)
All-atom models are essential for many applications in molecular modeling and computational chemistry. Nonbonded atomic contacts much closer than the sum of the van der Waals radii of the two atoms (clashes) are commonly observed in such models derived from protein crystal structures. A set of 94 recently deposited protein structures in the resolution range(More)
Activating PKG-1α induces a long-term hyperexcitability (LTH) in nociceptive neurons. Since the LTH correlates directly with chronic pain in many animal models, we tested the hypothesis that inhibiting PKG-1α would attenuate LTH-mediated pain. We first synthesized and characterized compound N46(More)