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BACKGROUND Chronic spontaneous urticaria is a skin disorder that is difficult to manage and can last for years. 'Pseudoallergens' are substances that induce hypersensitive/intolerance reactions that are similar to true allergic reactions. They include food additives, vasoactive substances such as histamine, and some natural substances in fruits, vegetables(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Decreased functionality and muscle weakness are prominent features in cancer patients. We investigated determinants of muscle function assessed by hand grip and knee extension strength as well as functional status in cancer patients. METHODS 189 consecutively admitted cancer patients (age 60.8 ± 12.7 years, 96 male) were recruited.(More)
BACKGROUND The bioelectrical phase angle has shown predictive potential in various diseases, but general cutoffs are lacking in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the prognostic value of the fifth percentile of sex-, age-, and body mass index-stratified phase angle reference values in patients with cancer with respect to nutritional and(More)
Adaptation of skin barrier function and interleukin-1α (IL-1α) content in diapered and nondiapered skin are poorly characterized in newborns receiving standard skin care. In a monocentric, prospective pilot study 44 healthy, full-term neonates were randomly assigned to skin care with baby wipes (n = 21) or water-moistened washcloth (n = 23) at each diaper(More)
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM The tissue surrounding craniofacial implants is prone to inflammation; however, no adequate instrument is currently available to measure this objectively. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to describe the parameters influencing the sulcus fluid flow rate in the extraoral periimplant tissue environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Malnutrition is a frequent problem in the elderly and is associated with an impaired functional status and higher morbidity and mortality. In this study we evaluated the effect of a 12-wk nutritional intervention with fortified food on nutritional and functional status in nursing home residents at risk of malnutrition. METHODS Nutritional status(More)
BACKGROUND Transmission of drug-resistant HIV-1 (TDR) can impair the virologic response to antiretroviral combination therapy. Aim of the study was to assess the impact of TDR on treatment success of resistance test-guided first-line therapy in the German HIV-1 Seroconverter Cohort for patients infected with HIV between 1996 and 2010. An update of the(More)
OBJECTIVES Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at higher risk for coinfection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and syphilis than the general population. HIV infection and these coinfections accelerate disease progression reciprocally. This study evaluated the prevalence and incidence of these coinfections in HIV1-positive MSM in(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) mediates important functions within the innate immune system, and its deficiency was associated with infectious complications. However, in adults without concomitant immunodeficiency the clinical relevance of MBL deficiency remains controversial. We analyzed the distribution of MBL deficiency and its association with concomitant(More)
RATIONALE In view of an increasing necessity for systematic assessments, nursing practice would benefit from a simplification of assessment procedures. These assessments should be scientifically based. AIMS To evaluate the possibility of assessing pressure ulcer risk as well as care dependency simultaneously with a standardized instrument for nursing(More)