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BACKGROUND Alternative medicine therapies are estimated to be used by 7-64% of cancer patients but up to 72% do not inform their physician. To the authors' knowledge little useful information is available regarding the prevalence of alternative medicine use by patients with prostate carcinoma. Thus, the authors attempted to evaluate the prevalence of(More)
The effect of phenobarbital on thyroid function and the metabolism and biliary excretion of thyroxine in rats was determined. Phenobarbital, administered for 2 weeks at a dose of 100 mg/kg/day, resulted in an increase in hepatic and thyroid gland weights, decreased circulating levels of T4, T3 and rT3, and increased TSH levels in male and female rats. After(More)
Our laboratory is testing the hypothesis that hypomethylation of DNA [a decreased content of 5-methylcytosine (5MeC) compared with cytosine] facilitates aberrant oncogene expression involved in tumorigenesis, using a model system of mouse strains with differing susceptibilities to liver tumorigenesis. The B6C3F1 (C57BL/6 x C3H/He) mouse serves as the(More)
To provide new insights into ligand/A1 adenosine receptor (A1 AR) interactions, site-directed mutagenesis was used to test the role of several residues in the first four transmembrane (TM) domains of the human A1 AR. Based on multiple sequence analysis of all known ARs, both acidic (glutamic acid and aspartic acid) and polar hydroxy (serine and threonine)(More)
Phenobarbital (PB), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and chlordane (CLD) increase liver tumor incidences in rodents, and all are tumor promoters. Most indirect tests for DNA reactivity, including mutagenicity and chromosomal damage, have been negative with these agents. Consequently, the modes of action for tumorigenesis by these compounds are not believed(More)
The reproductive toxicology of metronidazole was studied in rats. Male Charles River Crl:CD(SD)BR rats (10/group) were treated with metronidazole as a dietary admixture at doses of 0 (control), 25, 100, and 400 mg/kg/day for 8 weeks. The reversibility of effects after a 3 1/2-month recovery period was determined in separate groups of 10 control and 10 rats(More)
Hepatic microsomal enzymes play an important role in thyroid hormone homeostasis. Glucuronidation of thyroxine is the rate limiting step in the biliary excretion of thyroxine in the rat; the monodeiodinases are important in the conversion of T4 to T3 and reverse T3 and subsequent deiodinations. Phenobarbital is known to affect thyroid function in rats due(More)
A study was conducted to determine the mode of action for phenobarbital promotion of thyroid follicular cell neoplasia in rats using an initiation-promotion model established by Hiasa et al. (Y. Hiasa, Y. Kitahori, M. Ohshima, T. Fujita, T. Yuasa, N. Konishi, and A. Miyashiro, 1982a, Carcinogenesis 3, 1187-1190). Seven groups of Charles River Crl: CD(SD)BR(More)
Reproduction studies were performed with ornidazole, a compound with trichomonacidal activity. Male rats were treated for 61 days prior to mating and female rats were treated for 2 weeks prior to mating and throughout gestation and lactation at doses of 0 (control), 25, 100, and 400 mg of ornidazole/kg/day. A decrease in the pregnancy rate was observed in(More)
SETTING Urban community and jail. OBJECTIVES/DESIGN Evaluate outcome and process of an extensive tuberculosis contact investigation, including completion of treatment of latent TB infection (TLTBI). RESULTS Between April 2000 and September 2001, 18 epidemiologically-linked tuberculosis cases were identified; 15 were culture-confirmed, all with a(More)