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We earlier reported that overexpression of glia maturation factor (GMF) in cultured astrocytes enhances the production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The current study was conducted to find out whether BDNF production is impaired in animals devoid of GMF. To this end GMF-knockout (KO) mice were subjected to exercise and the neurotrophin mRNAs(More)
Neurite-promoting activity in feeding medium conditioned by rat astrocytes and Schwann cells in culture was examined. The conditioned medium (CM) from both types of glial cultures stimulated extensive neurite outgrowth from embryonic chick dorsal root ganglia (DRG) as well as pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Both the DRG and PC12 cells also produce neurite(More)
The glia maturation factor (GMF), which was discovered in our laboratory, is a highly conserved protein predominantly localized in astrocytes. GMF is an intracellular regulator of stress-related signal transduction. We now report that the overexpression of GMF in astrocytes leads to the destruction of primary oligodendrocytes by interactions between highly(More)
Rat glia maturation factor beta (GMF-beta) cDNA was obtained by reverse transcription of rat brain mRNA followed by polymerase chain reaction amplification, using primers from the human sequence. The deduced amino acid sequence of rat GMF-beta differed from the human counterpart in only three places: His27 in place of Asn, Val51 in place of Ile, and Leu93(More)
Using the monoclonal antibody G2-09 raised against bovine glia maturation factor (GMF), we screened various rat organs and tissues for GMF-like immunoreactivity. In the adult animal, with the exception of the heart, GMF was found exclusively in the nervous system, with the cerebellum exhibiting higher specific activity than other brain regions. The nature(More)
Glia maturation factor (GMF), a highly conserved brain-specific protein, isolated, sequenced and cloned in our laboratory. Overexpression of GMF in astrocytes induces the production and secretion of granulocyte-macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and subsequent immune activation of microglia, expression of several proinflammatory genes including(More)
A rabbit polyclonal antibody (91-01) was raised against recombinant human glia maturation factor beta (r-hGMF-beta). The antibody did not cross-react with a number of other growth factors on ELISA test. When compared with the monoclonal antibody G2-09 previously obtained, 91-01 immunoblotted the same protein band in rat brain extract. However, unlike G2-09(More)
Glia maturation factor (GMF) is a highly conserved protein found mainly in the nervous system. The current work was undertaken to investigate the effect of GMF expression in astrocytes on CuZn superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD or SOD I) and on the vulnerability of the cells to H2O2 toxicity. Primary astrocyte cultures were derived from mice in which the GMF(More)
Glia maturation factor (GMF) is a unique brain protein localized in astrocytes and some neuronal populations. Studies with overexpression of GMF using adenovirus vector have uncovered its regulatory role in intracellular signal transduction and downstream induction of biologically active molecules, including the neurotrophins and cytokines. The current(More)
Adult rat brains were injured by partial decortication. Four days later, the brains were examined for mitotic cells that were immunostained for neuronal markers: the neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and neurofilaments (NF). Of the 30 rats stained for NSE, 15 were found to have NSE-positive cells containing mitotic figures; of the 25 rats stained for NF, 12(More)