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We earlier reported that overexpression of glia maturation factor (GMF) in cultured astrocytes enhances the production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The current study was conducted to find out whether BDNF production is impaired in animals devoid of GMF. To this end GMF-knockout (KO) mice were subjected to exercise and the neurotrophin mRNAs(More)
Using the replication-defective adenovirus vector, we overexpressed rat glia maturation factor (GMF) in primary astrocyte cultures derived from embryonic rat brains. Among the three isoforms of MAP kinase, there was a big increase in the phosphorylation of p38, as detected with Western blotting using the phosphospecific antibody. Likewise, there was a(More)
Neurite-promoting activity in feeding medium conditioned by rat astrocytes and Schwann cells in culture was examined. The conditioned medium (CM) from both types of glial cultures stimulated extensive neurite outgrowth from embryonic chick dorsal root ganglia (DRG) as well as pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Both the DRG and PC12 cells also produce neurite(More)
We report a method for deriving purified rat Schwann cells by immunoselective removal of fibroblasts. Contaminating fibroblasts labeled with antibody against specific surface marker Thy 1.1 are bound on plastic surfaces coated with a second antibody. The efficacy of the method is demonstrated by flow cytometry and by specific Schwann cell Ran-1(More)
Glia maturation factor-beta (GMF-beta) is a 17 kDa protein purified and sequenced from bovine brains. Using the monoclonal antibody G2-09 directed against GMF-beta, we previously demonstrated endogenous GMF-beta in astroblasts, Schwann cells, and their tumors in culture. In the present study, we have used indirect immunofluorescence microscopy with G2-09 to(More)
Four primary antioxidant enzymes were measured in both human and rat glioma cells. Both manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and copper-zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) activities varied greatly among the different glioma cell lines. MnSOD was generally higher in human glioma cells than in rat glioma cells and relatively higher(More)
The glia maturation factor (GMF), which was discovered in our laboratory, is a highly conserved protein predominantly localized in astrocytes. GMF is an intracellular regulator of stress-related signal transduction. We now report that the overexpression of GMF in astrocytes leads to the destruction of primary oligodendrocytes by interactions between highly(More)
A protein has been isolated from bovine brains by using a modification of the procedure used to purify glia maturation factor. The method consists of ammonium sulfate precipitation, chromatography with DEAE-Sephacel, Sephadex G-75, and hydroxylapatite columns, passage through a heparin-Sepharose column, and finally fractionation by reverse-phase HPLC with a(More)
The protein glia maturation factor beta, isolated from bovine brain, has been sequenced by automated Edman degradation and tandem mass spectrometry of overlapped peptide fragments generated by cyanogen bromide cleavage and enzymatic digestion with trypsin, chymotrypsin, and endoproteinases Asp-N and Lys-C. The protein has 141 amino acid residues and(More)
Glia maturation factor-beta, a protein found in the brains of all vertebrates thus far examined, appears to play a role in the differentiation, maintenance, and regeneration of the nervous system. Using oligonucleotide probes based on the sequences of three tryptic peptides derived from bovine glia maturation factor-beta, we screened a human brainstem cDNA(More)