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Two representative compounds from a novel chemical series of potent inhibitors of lipid peroxidation are described. The compounds 21-[4-(2,6-di-1-pyrrolidinyl-4-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl]-16 alpha-methylpregna-1,4,9(11)-triene-3,20-dione monomethane sulfonate (U74006F) and 21-[4-(3,6-bis(diethylamino)-2-pyridinyl)-1-piperazinyl]-16(More)
Intense lipid peroxidation of brain synaptosomes initiated with Fenton's reagent (H2O2 + Fe2+) began instantly upon addition of Fe2+ and preceded detectable OH. formation. Although mannitol or Tris partially blocked peroxidation, concentrations required were 10(3)-fold in excess of OH. actually formed, and inhibition by Tris was pH dependent. Lipid(More)
Attachment of various iron chelating moieties to hydrophobic steroids greatly enhanced their abilities to inhibit iron-dependent lipid peroxidation. Using whole rat brain homogenates, lipid peroxidation initiated by the addition of 200 microM Fe2+ was assessed by the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive products (TBAR). Under these conditions, 50%(More)
Oxidation of Fe2+ in solution was dependent upon medium composition and the presence of lipid. The complete oxidation of Fe2+ in 0.9% saline was markedly accelerated in the presence of phosphate or EDTA and the ferrous oxidation product formed was readily recoverable as Fe2+ by ascorbate reduction. In contrast, in the presence of either brain synaptosomal(More)
Multiple cavernous hemangiomas circumscribed by focal regenerative nodules of hepatocytes were incidental findings at the autopsy of two elderly men. Neither patient was on steroids or had venous thrombosis. The lesions were not typical for other nodular proliferations of the liver, such as focal nodular hyperplasia, nodular regenerative hyperplasia, or(More)
Prior studies have demonstrated that intensive treatment with high doses of methylprednisolone (MP) can beneficially affect the acutely injured central nervous system by a variety of mechanisms and promote neurological recovery in experimentally injured animals. In view of the fact that these actions are associated only with MP doses greatly in excess of(More)
The interactions between lipid peroxidation and calcium in mediating damage to central nervous system membranes have been examined in several in vitro systems. Using isolated rat brain synaptosomes, brain mitochondria, or cultured fetal mouse spinal cord neurons, Ca2+ was found to markedly enhance lipid peroxidation-induced disruption of membrane function.(More)
The compound U74006F (21-[4-(2,6-di-1-pyrrolidinyl-4-pyrimidinyl)-1-piperazinyl]-16 alpha-methyl- pregna-1,4,9(11)-triene-3,20-dione) is one of a novel series of 21-aminosteroids that are potent inhibitors of iron-dependent lipid peroxidation. Chronic (4-6 days) dosing of mice or rats with high doses of U74006F (30-200 mg/kg/day) has indicated that the(More)
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are recognized for inhibiting growth of colon tumors in animal models, and for reducing the risk of colon cancer in humans. The mechanisms involved have not been established, but are thought to be related to reduced prostaglandin biosynthesis. The present study investigates the effect of COX-inhibiting and(More)
Peroxidation of rat brain synaptosomes was assessed by the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive products in either 50 mM potassium phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) or pH adjusted saline. In phosphate, addition of Fe2+ resulted in a dose-related increase in lipid peroxidation. In saline, stimulation of lipid peroxidation by Fe2+ was maximal at 30 uM, and was(More)