Ramon Berguer

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BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysms are a common disorder with an incompletely understood etiology. We used Illumina and Affymetrix microarray platforms to generate global gene expression profiles for both aneurysmal (AAA) and non-aneurysmal abdominal aorta, and identified genes that were significantly differentially expressed between cases and controls.(More)
Laparoscopic techniques allow for less-invasive treatment of common surgical problems. Laparoscopic instruments are different from standard surgical instruments and generally incorporate a pistol-grip handle configuration with rings for the fingers. This handle configuration has been reported as being uncomfortable, leading to finger compression(More)
We hypothesized that a laparoscopic technique for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is associated with more musculoskeletal discomfort and ergonomic strain than a robotic technique. This pilot project studied one surgeon while he performed four laparoscopic and four robotic (da Vinci system) Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedures. We measured musculoskeletal(More)
1H MRI permits detection of edema in the brain. In a middle cerebral artery stroke model in the cat, we found a significant correlation between an edema index based on MRI and a sensitive metabolic index of ischemia, the in vivo oxidation status of mitochondrial cytochrome aa3 determined by near-infrared reflectance spectrophotometry (r = -0.70, alpha =(More)
This study investigated the effect of monitor height on surgeons' workload and performance during simulated minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Fourteen volunteer subjects (7 experienced, 7 inexperienced) performed a cutting task in a training box at a standard MIS station with the video monitor positioned in random order at, below (-35 degrees), and above(More)
The visual and physical interface imposed on the surgeon by video-endoscopic surgery (VES) increases the surgeon's mental workload. Ergonomic studies are needed to develop ways to reduce this workload. We used virtual instrumentation to devise a portable ergonomic workstation to compare the surgeon's mental workloads during simulated open surgery and VES.(More)
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