Ramnath Subramaniam

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Our aim was to study the advantages of glue versus sutures for circumcision in children. A randomised prospective controlled study was conducted with 152 boys; glue was used on 80 and sutures on 72). The procedures were quicker and the duration and severity of postoperative pain were significantly less (p<0.001) in the cases in which glue was used. The(More)
Background. To evaluate the accuracy and utility of the triangular cord sign and gallbladder length in diagnosing biliary atresia by sonography.¶Materials and methods. Sixty fasted infants with cholestatic jaundice aged 2–12 weeks were examined sonographically using a 5–10 MHz linear array transducer, focusing on the triangular cord sign (as described by(More)
OBJECTIVE To document the functional outcome of patients with prenatally detected posterior urethral valves (PUV) in the second decade of life, and to evaluate the possible impact of prenatal diagnosis on the long-term outcome of this condition. PATIENTS AND METHODS We analysed the functional outcome of 25 patients with prenatally detected PUV born(More)
Objective. To investigate the value of CT in complicated childhood pneumonia and its role in early intervention when chest radiography (CXR) is non-contributory. Materials and methods. Forty-two immunocompetent children, aged 1–11 years, admitted for community-acquired pneumonia from October 1997 to September 1999, had 42 contrast-enhanced CT scans and(More)
BACKGROUND The primary function of urothelium is to serve as a physical urinary barrier. This function is dependent on features expressed at the molecular level that are acquired during cytodifferentiation. Urothelial cells lose differentiated and functional characteristics when propagated in vitro. OBJECTIVE To investigate methods of inducing molecular(More)
PURPOSE To assess the effectiveness and complication rate of laparoscopically placed peritoneal dialysis catheters using the single-port technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS This is a prospective study conducted from 2002 to 2004. Children with established renal failure requiring insertion of a peritoneal dialysis catheter were included. The insertion was(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to compare the results of Boix-Ochoa and Nissen fundoplication performed in the authors' department in normal and neurologically impaired children. METHODS The medical records of all children who underwent fundoplication in the span of 10 years from 1988 to 1997 were reviewed. Boix-Ochoa procedure was the preferred(More)
We report on two patients with urinary schistosomiasis, who both presented within a fortnight to our hospital with similar symptoms of persistent painless haematuria. Ultrasound, cystoscopic biopsies and histology were used to confirm diagnosis. Treatment with praziquantel was given. Symptoms of urinary schistosomiasis can easily be missed in non-endemic(More)
PURPOSE The "button" enteral feeding systems are widely used as a gastrostomy. We describe our use of this device to facilitate bladder drainage in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS We prospectively reviewed all patients who underwent insertion of a cystostomy button between 2002 and 2005. Indications and complications were analyzed. RESULTS A total of 17(More)
AIM The aim of this study is to describe a safe and simple minimally invasive technique for insertion of cystostomy buttons for bladder drainage and cycling in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS This is part of an ongoing prospective study since 2002 looking at our experience with insertion of cystostomy buttons in children. We recently published the results(More)