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Background. To evaluate the accuracy and utility of the triangular cord sign and gallbladder length in diagnosing biliary atresia by sonography.¶Materials and methods. Sixty fasted infants with cholestatic jaundice aged 2–12 weeks were examined sonographically using a 5–10 MHz linear array transducer, focusing on the triangular cord sign (as described by(More)
Our aim was to study the advantages of glue versus sutures for circumcision in children. A randomised prospective controlled study was conducted with 152 boys; glue was used on 80 and sutures on 72). The procedures were quicker and the duration and severity of postoperative pain were significantly less (p<0.001) in the cases in which glue was used. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the conservative management of antenatally detected pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study included 121 children (142 kidneys) with antenatally diagnosed PUJ obstruction managed over an 8-year period, including 21 who were affected bilaterally; the main focus of the study was on the 100(More)
PURPOSE To assess the effectiveness and complication rate of laparoscopically placed peritoneal dialysis catheters using the single-port technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS This is a prospective study conducted from 2002 to 2004. Children with established renal failure requiring insertion of a peritoneal dialysis catheter were included. The insertion was(More)
BACKGROUND The primary function of urothelium is to serve as a physical urinary barrier. This function is dependent on features expressed at the molecular level that are acquired during cytodifferentiation. Urothelial cells lose differentiated and functional characteristics when propagated in vitro. OBJECTIVE To investigate methods of inducing molecular(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to compare the results of Boix-Ochoa and Nissen fundoplication performed in the authors' department in normal and neurologically impaired children. METHODS The medical records of all children who underwent fundoplication in the span of 10 years from 1988 to 1997 were reviewed. Boix-Ochoa procedure was the preferred(More)
STUDY DESIGN A case report of xanthogranulomatous funiculitis and epididymo-orchitis. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is an uncommon, non-neoplastic process characterised by destruction of tissue, which is replaced by a striking cellular infiltrate of lipid-laden macrophages. CASE REPORT A 21-year male sustained complete tetraplegia at C-6 level, after a(More)
OBJECTIVE To document the functional outcome of patients with prenatally detected posterior urethral valves (PUV) in the second decade of life, and to evaluate the possible impact of prenatal diagnosis on the long-term outcome of this condition. PATIENTS AND METHODS We analysed the functional outcome of 25 patients with prenatally detected PUV born(More)
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital genital anomalies for which surgery early in life is indicated. The surgical treatment is changing progressively, often by repeating treatment strategies that have been used decades ago. Indeed, historically two-stage procedures were replaced by one-stage procedures and nowadays two-stage procedures gain new(More)
Objective. To investigate the value of CT in complicated childhood pneumonia and its role in early intervention when chest radiography (CXR) is non-contributory. Materials and methods. Forty-two immunocompetent children, aged 1–11 years, admitted for community-acquired pneumonia from October 1997 to September 1999, had 42 contrast-enhanced CT scans and(More)