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Quality of life (QOL) of patients affected by various diseases is now recognized as an important outcome variable. Consenting patients with rheumatoid arthritis (American College of Rheumatology criteria) were included in the study. Quality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment, short form (WHOQOL-BREF). Disease(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of tadalafil as add-on therapy in secondary RP resistant to vasodilators. METHODS Patients with scleroderma and MCTD having four or more RP attacks per week despite being on vasodilators were randomized to receive either placebo or tadalafil (20 mg) on alternate days as add-on therapy to their current vasodilators for 6(More)
OBJECTIVE Enteric organisms are known to trigger reactive arthritis. The enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) form of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) clinically resembles reactive arthritis. Therefore, we looked for a role of enteric bacteria in ERA. METHODS Synovial fluid (SF) was obtained from 26 patients with ERA and 10 patients with rheumatoid(More)
There is a paucity of data regarding the outcome of pregnancy from the Indian subcontinent. Therefore, we decided to analyse the outcome of pregnancy in our cohort of mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Data regarding pregnancies after onset of disease in patients with SLE was analysed in terms of number of pregnancies, effect of pregnancy on(More)
OBJECTIVE Enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) is an inflammatory disease of childhood that lacks autoantibodies. Overexpression of surface-expressed Toll-like receptors (TLRs) has been found in ERA. Myeloid-related proteins (MRPs) 8 and 14 are calcium binding proteins that act as an endogenous ligand of TLR4. MRP8/14 levels are elevated in patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Data on synovial fluid (SF) cytokine concentrations in patients with reactive arthritis (ReA) or undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (uSpA) are limited and contradictory. We measured levels of several proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokines in SF and sera from patients with ReA/uSpA. METHODS Interleukin 17 (IL-17), IL-6, interferon-g(More)
We and others have previously shown that IL-17 is elevated in the synovial fluid of patients with reactive arthritis (ReA)/undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (uSpA) having acute synovitis. Major source for IL-17 is Th17 cells, which differentiate from Th0 cells under the influence of TGF-β and IL-6, IL1-β and are maintained by IL-21 and 23. There is a(More)
We studied the serum levels of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), pro-matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 1, MMP3, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) 1 in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and correlated these with different disease variables. Sera of 70 patients with JIA (ILAR 2001(More)
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) leads to significant morbidity due to continued disease activity and drug toxicity. Retrospective analysis of patients with JRA seen at a tertiary care hospital between 1990-2000 was done. Data regarding the type of onset, course of disease, joints involved, treatment received, drug toxicity and outcome at last visit were(More)
In patients with reactive arthritis (ReA)/undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (uSpA), synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC) show proliferation to bacterial antigens that trigger ReA, i.e. Chlamydia, Yersinia, Campylobactor, Shigella and Salmonella species. We have shown previously that SFMC proliferate significantly to outer membrane proteins of S(More)