Ramkumar Sambasivan

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Distinct cell populations with regenerative capacity have been reported to contribute to myofibres after skeletal muscle injury, including non-satellite cells as well as myogenic satellite cells. However, the relative contribution of these distinct cell types to skeletal muscle repair and homeostasis and the identity of adult muscle stem cells remain(More)
Skeletal muscle fibres form by fusion of mesoderm progenitors called myoblasts. After birth, muscle fibres do not increase in number but continue to grow in size because of fusion of satellite cells, the postnatal myogenic cells, responsible for muscle growth and regeneration. Numerous studies suggest that, on transplantation, non-myogenic cells also may(More)
Genetic regulatory networks governing skeletal myogenesis in the body are well understood, yet their hierarchical relationships in the head remain unresolved. We show that either Myf5 or Mrf4 is necessary for initiating extraocular myogenesis. Whereas Mrf4 is dispensable for pharyngeal muscle progenitor fate, Tbx1 and Myf5 act synergistically for governing(More)
Notch signaling plays a key role in virtually all tissues and organs in metazoans; however, limited examples are available for the regulatory role of this pathway in adult quiescent stem cells. We performed a temporal and ontological assessment of effectors of the Notch pathway that indicated highest activity in freshly isolated satellite cells and,(More)
Skeletal muscles exert diverse functions, enabling both crushing with great force and movement with exquisite precision. A remarkably distinct repertoire of genes and ontological features characterise this tissue, and recent evidence has shown that skeletal muscles of the head, the craniofacial muscles, are evolutionarily, morphologically and molecularly(More)
During organogenesis, a continuum of founder stem cells produces temporally distinct progeny until development is complete. Similarly, in skeletal myogenesis, phenotypically and functionally distinct myoblasts and differentiated cells are generated during development. How this occurs in muscle and other tissues in vertebrates remains largely unclear. We(More)
Skeletal muscle stem cell fate in adult mice is regulated by crucial transcription factors, including the determination genes Myf5 and Myod. The precise role of Myf5 in regulating quiescent muscle stem cells has remained elusive. Here we show that most, but not all, quiescent satellite cells express Myf5 protein, but at varying levels, and that resident(More)
The esophagus links the oral cavity to the stomach and facilitates the transfer of bolus. Using genetic tracing and mouse mutants, we demonstrate that esophagus striated muscles (ESMs) are not derived from somites but are of cranial origin. Tbx1 and Isl1 act as key regulators of ESMs, which we now identify as a third derivative of cardiopharyngeal mesoderm(More)
Skeletal muscle satellite cells play a critical role during muscle growth, homoeostasis and regeneration. Selective induction of the muscle determination genes Myf5, Myod and Mrf4 during prenatal development can potentially impact on the reported functional heterogeneity of adult satellite cells. Accordingly, expression of Myf5 was reported to diminish the(More)
Development and maintenance of an abundant tissue such as skeletal muscle poses several challenges. Curiously, not all skeletal muscle stem cells are born alike, since diverse genetic pathways can specify their birth. Stem and progenitor cells that establish the tissue during development, those that maintain its homeostasis, as well as participate in its(More)