Ramiro Alberio

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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is normally only inherited through the oocyte. However, nuclear transfer (NT), the fusion of a donor cell with an enucleated oocyte, can transmit both donor cell and recipient oocyte mtDNA. mtDNA replication is under the control of nuclear-encoded replication factors, such as polymerase gamma (POLG) and mitochondrial transcription(More)
Activin/Nodal signaling is required for maintaining pluripotency and self-renewal of mouse epiblast stem cells and human embryonic stem cells (hESC). In this study, we investigated whether this signaling mechanism is also operative in cultured epiblasts derived from Days 10.5-12 pig embryos. Pig epiblast stem cell lines (pEpiSC) were established on mouse(More)
This work describes the first genome-wide analysis of the transcriptional landscape of the pig. A new porcine Affymetrix expression array was designed in order to provide comprehensive coverage of the known pig transcriptome. The new array was used to generate a genome-wide expression atlas of pig tissues derived from 62 tissue/cell types. These data were(More)
Nuclear transfer was used to evaluate the developmental potential of nuclei from a spontaneously immortalized bovine mammary gland epithelial cell line (MECL) and from primary cultures of mammary gland cells (PMGC) and ear skin fibroblasts (PESF) established from 3-year-old cows. Cell proliferation was investigated by incorporation and detection of(More)
Events after fertilisation have been carefully studied in the last decades. However, there are still several questions to be clarified in relation to the signalling pathway initiated by the sperm, the identification of proteins or factors involved in the activation of the arrested oocyte, and the inactivation of specific molecules involved in the meiotic(More)
Mitochondrial DNA is an extranuclear genome normally maternally inherited through the oocyte. However, the use of nuclear transfer can result in both donor cell and recipient oocyte mitochondrial DNA persisting through to blastocyst and being transmitted to the offspring. The degree of donor mitochondrial DNA transmission appears to be random and currently(More)
The efficiency of nuclear transfer (NT) using two primary cultures of fetal fibroblasts (FF1 and FF2) was compared vs. the same cultures transfected with an expression vector in which the bovine prochymosin coding sequence is placed under the control of the bovine alpha(S1)-casein promoter (TFF1 and TFF2). In addition, fibroblasts of a cloned transgenic(More)
The oocyte is remarkable in its ability to remodel parental genomes following fertilization and to reprogram somatic nuclei after nuclear transfer (NT). To characterize the patterns of histone H4 acetylation and DNA methylation during development of bovine gametogenesis and embryogenesis, specific antibodies for histone H4 acetylated at lysine 5 (K5), K8,(More)
Epigenetic reprogramming is critical for genome regulation during germ line development. Genome-wide demethylation in mouse primordial germ cells (PGC) is a unique reprogramming event essential for erasing epigenetic memory and preventing the transmission of epimutations to the next generation. In addition to DNA demethylation, PGC are subject to a major(More)
Cells in the pluripotent ground state can give rise to somatic cells and germ cells, and the acquisition of pluripotency is dependent on the expression of Nanog. Pluripotency is conserved in the primitive ectoderm of embryos from mammals and urodele amphibians, and here we report the isolation of a Nanog ortholog from axolotls (axNanog). axNanog does not(More)