Ramin V. Parsey

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All fields of neuroscience that employ brain imaging need to communicate their results with reference to anatomical regions. In particular, comparative morphometry and group analysis of functional and physiological data require coregistration of brains to establish correspondences across brain structures. It is well established that linear registration of(More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin 1A receptors (5-HT(1A)) are implicated in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and in the action of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). SSRI desensitize 5-HT(1A) and down-regulate 5-HT transporters (5-HTT) with the latter persisting for weeks after discontinuation of SSRI. MDD subjects are more likely to be(More)
OBJECTIVE CSF analysis, neuroendocrine challenges, serotonin depletion studies, and treatment studies implicate the serotonergic system in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder. On the basis of postmortem and imaging studies, the authors hypothesized that subjects with major depressive disorder in a major depressive episode have fewer serotonin(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors examined effects of a triallelic functional polymorphism of the human serotonin-transporter-linked promoter region (5-HTTLPR) on in vivo expression of serotonin transporter in the brain in healthy volunteers and subjects with major depressive disorder. METHOD Twenty-five medication-free subjects with DSM-IV major depressive disorder(More)
Serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) binding potential (BP) as assessed by positron emission tomography (PET) is higher in major depressive disorder (MDD) in association with the higher expressing GG genotype of the 5-HT1A C-1019G polymorphism. We hypothesize that higher 5-HT1A BP and the GG genotype predict remission failure on antidepressant treatment. We determined(More)
Serotonin 5-HT(1A) receptors are implicated in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric conditions. The goal of this study was to evaluate methods to derive 5-HT(1A) receptor parameters in the human brain with positron emission tomography (PET) and [carbonyl-(11)C]WAY 100635. Five healthy volunteer subjects were studied twice. Three methods of analysis were(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in depressed subjects report smaller volumes of amygdala, hippocampus, inferior anterior cingulate, and the orbital prefrontal cortex (OPFC), components of the limbic-cortico-thalamic circuit. Major depression occurs more commonly in women, raising the possibility of an additional psychopathological process affecting(More)
BACKGROUND In vivo determination of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) occupancy by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) using positron emission tomography (PET) can aid in determination of dosing. Previous studies used chronic SSRI administration that may down-regulate 5-HTT and used the cerebellum as reference region despite measurable 5-HTT. We(More)
Two measures used in brain imaging are binding potential (BP) and the specific to nonspecific equilibrium partition coefficient (V(3)''). V(3)'' determined using the 5-HT(1A) ligand [(11)C]WAY-100635 is sensitive to changes in the free and nonspecific binding of the ligand in the reference region (V(2)). Healthy female volunteers have higher 5-HT(1A) BP but(More)