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The ability to implant electronic systems in the human body has led to many medical advances. Progress in semiconductor technology paved the way for devices at the scale of a millimeter or less ("microimplants"), but the miniaturization of the power source remains challenging. Although wireless powering has been demonstrated, energy transfer beyond(More)
We describe a new temperature and electric field dual-stimulus responsive nanoparticle system for programmed drug delivery. Nanoparticles of a conducting polymer (polypyrrole) are loaded with therapeutic pharmaceuticals and are subcutaneously localized in vivo with the assistance of a temperature-sensitive hydrogel (PLGA-PEG-PLGA). We have shown that drug(More)
S3 C ardiac toxicity is a major cause of drug attrition during preclinical development. In addition, the risk of drug-induced arrhythmia is the most common cause of restriction or withdrawal of drugs from the market. 3 Between 1990 and 2001, 8 noncardiovascular drugs were withdrawn at an estimated cost of $12 billion as a result of problems such as delayed(More)
OBJECTIVE Inhaled nitric oxide has been shown to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance in patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery, but it is limited by toxicity, the need for special monitoring, and cost. Inhaled prostacyclin also decreases pulmonary artery pressure, is relatively free of toxicity, requires no specific monitoring, and is less expensive.(More)
Animal and early clinical studies have provided evidence suggesting that intracoronary administration of autologous bone marrow-derived cells results in improved outcome following myocardial infarction. Animal studies with cultured marrow stromal cells (MSC) have provided similar data. Cells with properties that are similar to MSC have been identified in(More)
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Recent studies suggest that adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) can be used as a potential source for cardiovascular tissue engineering due to their ability to differentiate along the cardiovascular lineage and to adopt a proangiogenic phenotype. To understand better ASCs' biology, we used(More)
BACKGROUND Drug-induced arrhythmia is one of the most common causes of drug development failure and withdrawal from market. This study tested whether human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) combined with a low-impedance microelectrode array (MEA) system could improve on industry-standard preclinical cardiotoxicity screening(More)
BACKGROUND There is a dearth of data about the effect of donor and recipient ethnicity on survival and rejection rate after clinical heart transplantation, although the subject had been partly studied before. We compared the mortality and rejection rate among different ethnic groups at our institution. METHODS In retrospect, 525 consecutive donors(More)
OBJECTIVE The outcome of heart transplantation is highly influenced by good donor selection. Because a history of alcoholism is prevalent among potential heart donors, we sought to explore the effect of alcohol use in donors on the outcome of heart transplantation in the recipient. METHOD A total of 437 consecutive patients underwent heart transplantation(More)
Electrospinning using natural proteins or synthetic polymers is a promising technique for the fabrication of fibrous scaffolds for various tissue engineering applications. However, one limitation of scaffolds electrospun from natural proteins is the need to cross-link with glutaraldehyde for stability, which has been postulated to lead to many complications(More)