Imaging in neuro-ophthalmology is a major, developing field. Visual and motor ocular symptoms and signs are of diagnostic and localizing significance, and occur frequently in patients with brain space-occupying lesions. Knowledge of the anatomy of the optic pathways extending from the retina to the calcarine fissure throughout the brain is crucial.… (More)
A cephalic reference plane is described through the chiasmatic notch and the posterior commissure, which is easily identified on mid-sagittal cuts using magnetic resonance imaging. The horizontal cuts so obtained are almost parallel to the lateral fissure and are perpendicular to the axis of the brain stem.
For more than 3,000 years in Western civilizations, the knowledge of the human body gained very little ground at first, due to taboos. The body was regarded as sacred and Medicine only resorted to plants in order to heal. Hippocrates was not familiar with anatomy as the human body could not be dissected. He developed a theory of humors connected with the… (More)
After a detailed historical review of the representation of the human skull in art, the authors present a rare example of a reduced marble skull representing as they suggest it, cranio-facial lesions of which they try to explain the etiopathology.
Proposes and defines a cephalic reference plane that joins the chiamatic notch to the posterior commissure, easily shown on a mid-sagittal cut using magnetic resonance. The horizontal cuts obtained prove to be very close to those oriented according to the lateral fissure, and orthogonal the great axis of the brainstem.
The grooves traced by the middle meningeal veins on the endocranial wall in the Ponginae show a particular pattern for each genus, with numerous early characteristics: important frontal branch; anterior branch reduced; occipital origin of the posterior branch and constancy of the petrosquamous sinus.
The study of the grooves traced by the middle meningeal veins on the parietal bone or the endocast of Hominid fossils shows different patterns which correspond to each evolutive stage. Height types are characterised among the Hominids (Australopithecines, Archanthropines, Paleanthropines and Neanthropines): I, robust Australopithecine type; II, gracile… (More)