Rami Pedahzur

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Ever since the introduction of the Salmonella typhimurium mammalian microsome mutagenicity assay (the 'Ames test') over three decades ago, there has been a constant development of additional genotoxicity assays based upon the use of genetically engineered microorganisms. Such assays rely either on reversion principles similar to those of the Ames test, or(More)
The ever-growing use of pharmaceutical compounds, including antibacterial substances, poses a substantial pollution load on the environment. Such compounds can compromise water quality, contaminate soils, livestock and crops, enhance resistance of microorganisms to antibiotic substances, and hamper human health. We report the construction of a novel panel(More)
Electrochemical signal detection can be readily integrated in biosensors and is thus an attractive alternative to optical detection methods. In the field of environmental chemistry and ecotoxicology there is a growing demand for lab-independent devices based on whole cell biosensors for the detection of genotoxic compounds. Because of the broad occurrence(More)
A panel of Escherichia coli strains harbouring different stress-responsive promoters fused to a lux reporter system was used to assess the potential toxicity of 17 unknown model water samples. Using liquid cultures, nine out of 14 toxic samples were properly identified as toxic, whereas five were false negatives. All three non-toxic controls were identified(More)
A bacterial genotoxicity reporter strain was constructed in which the tightly controlled strong promoter of the Escherichia coli SOS response gene sulA was fused to the alkaline phosphatase-coding phoA reporter gene. The bioreporter responded in a dose-dependent manner to three model DNA-damaging agents-hydrogen peroxide, nalidixic acid (NA), and mitomycin(More)
Alumina and silica perhydrate hydrogels were synthesized. Raman spectroscopy and solid (27)Al MAS NMR confirmed alumina perhydrate formation. Thermal and aqueous stability of alumina and silica perhydrates was studied, and they showed exceptionally high stabilities. Alumina perhydrate retained some of the hydrogen peroxide even at 170 °C, higher than any(More)
Ever since the introduction of the Salmonella typhimurium mammalian microsome mutagenicity assay (the Ames test ) over three decades ago, there has been a constant development of additional genotoxicity assays based upon the use of genetically engineered microorganisms. Such assays rely either on reversion principles similar to those of the Ames test or on(More)
Matrices for sustained release of drugs have been based on polymers, biomaterials and oxides. The use of the major family of metals as matrices for sustained release is, to the best of our knowledge, unknown. In this context we describe a new family of bio-composites for sustained release of drugs, namely analgesic drugs entrapped within metallic silver.(More)
Solid peroxides are a convenient source of hydrogen peroxide, which once released can be readily converted to active oxygen species or to dissolved dioxygen. A zinc peroxide nanodispersion was synthesized and characterized, and its solubility was determined as a function of pH and temperature. We show that zinc peroxide is much more stable in aqueous(More)
We report a previously unrecognized mechanism for the prolonged action of biocidal agents, which we denote as the zombies effect: biocidally-killed bacteria are capable of killing living bacteria. The concept is demonstrated by first killing Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 with silver nitrate and then challenging, with the dead bacteria, a viable culture of the(More)
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