Ramesh Ramamoorthy

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Previously, we had identified non-OspA-OspB surface proteins of Borrelia burgdorferi that are targeted by the antibody-dependent complement-mediated killing mechanism. Here we demonstrate by Western blotting that one of these proteins, P35, is upregulated at the onset of stationary phase in vitro. Northern analysis revealed that the upregulation of P35 is(More)
In an earlier paper we described the transcriptionally regulated differential levels of expression of two lipoproteins of Borrelia burgdorferi, P35 and P7.5, during growth of the spirochetes in culture from logarithmic phase to stationary phase (K. J. Indest, R. Ramamoorthy, M. Solé, R. D. Gilmore, B. J. B. Johnson, and M. T. Philipp, Infect. Immun.(More)
During in vitro growth Leishmania chagasi promastigotes differentially express 3 classes of RNAs encoding the major surface protease (MSP) gp63 that can be distinguished by their unique 3' untranslated regions. Here we show that the three classes (logarithmic-specific, stationary-specific and constitutively expressed) are encoded by a family of at least 4(More)
Leishmania sp. protozoa contain an abundant surface protease (gp63) that is important for the virulence of the parasite. We found that the average amount of gp63 expressed by Leishmania donovani chagasi promastigotes increases 6-11-fold as they develop from a less infectious form in logarithmic phase to a highly infectious form during stationary phase of(More)
Lyme neuroborreliosis, caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, often manifests by causing neurocognitive deficits. As a possible mechanism for Lyme neuroborreliosis, we hypothesized that B. burgdorferi induces the production of inflammatory mediators in the central nervous system with concomitant neuronal and/or glial apoptosis. To test our(More)
An expression library made with Borrelia burgdorferi DNA in the vector lambda ZapII was screened with serum from a monkey infected with the Lyme disease agent. This serum killed B. burgdorferi in vitro by an antibody-dependent, complement-mediated mechanism and contained antibodies to at least seven spirochetal antigens, none of which were the major outer(More)
G63, the major surface glycoprotein of Leishmania chagasi promastigotes, increases 11-fold in amount as promastigotes grow from logarithmic to stationary phase. Transcripts from three different classes of gp63 genes are differentially expressed during this development (Ramamoorthy, R., Donelson, J. E., Paetz, K. E., Maybodi, M., Roberts, S. P., and Wilson,(More)
Previously, we had demonstrated the upregulation in the expression of several proteins, including the lipoproteins OspC and P35, of Borrelia burgdorferi in the stationary growth phase. Since the expression of OspC is also known to be affected by culture temperature and pH, we examined the effects of both variables on the expression of the remaining(More)
Antigenic variation is an effective strategy evolved by pathogenic microbes to avoid immune destruction. Variable Ags such as the variable major protein of Borrelia hermsii, the variant surface glycoprotein of African trypanosomes, and the pilin of Neisseria gonorrhoeae include an immunodominant variable domain and one or more invariable domains that are(More)
The major surface protease, gp63, of Leishmania chagasi is encoded by 18 or more tandem msp genes that can be grouped into three classes on the basis of their unique 3'-untranslated sequences (3'-UTRs) and their differential expression. RNAs from the mspLs occur predominantly during the logarithmic phase of promastigote growth in vitro, RNAs from the mspSs(More)