Ramesh Padmanabha

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The amyloid-β peptide (Aβ)-in particular, the 42-amino acid form, Aβ1-42-is thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, several therapeutic modalities aiming to inhibit Aβ synthesis or increase the clearance of Aβ have entered clinical trials, including γ-secretase inhibitors, anti-Aβ antibodies, and amyloid-β precursor(More)
2-aminothiazole (1) was discovered as a novel Src family kinase inhibitor template through screening of our internal compound collection. Optimization through successive structure-activity relationship iterations identified analogs 2 (Dasatinib, BMS-354825) and 12m as pan-Src inhibitors with nanomolar to subnanomolar potencies in biochemical and cellular(More)
A novel protein kinase homologue (KNS1) has been identified in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. KNS1 contains an open reading frame of 720 codons. The carboxy-terminal portion of the predicted protein sequence is similar to that of many other protein kinases, exhibiting 36% identity to the cdc2 gene product of Schizosaccharomyces pombe and 34% identity to the(More)
A novel series of 2-hydroxy-N-arylbenzenesulfonamides were identified to be ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) inhibitors with compound 9 displaying potent in vitro activity (IC(50)=0.13 microM). Chronic oral dosing of compound 9 in high-fat fed mice lowered plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, and glucose, as well as inhibited weight gain.
Assays for two enzymes from Escherichia coli were developed and validated as antibacterial inhibitor screens. The MraY and MurG enzymes were overexpressed and purified as the membrane fraction or to homogeneity, respectively. The MurG enzyme was expressed with a six-histidine tag using an optimized minimal-medium protocol for subsequent purification.(More)
A high-throughput screen was developed and implemented to identify inhibitors of the Lck tyrosine kinase. This report describes the identification of a specific inhibitor of this enzyme from the solid fermentation culture of the Penicillium sp., WC75209. The active compound was isolated and structurally characterized as 1-methoxy-5R, 10S-agroclavine, a new(More)
Changes in all aspects of HTS from compound management through to evaluation of hits and leads, strengthened by infrastructure improvements, in both automation and informatics, have made possible increased analysis and implementation of process and quality control throughout HTS. This paper focuses on the process of HTS with an emphasis on quality control,(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) catalyzes the selective release of arachidonic acid from the sn-2 position of phospholipids and is believed to play a key cellular role in the generation of arachidonic acid. When assaying the human recombinant cPLA2 using membranes isolated from [3H]arachidonate-labeled U937 cells as substrate,(More)