Ramesh K. Ramalingam

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The objective of this study was to determine the effects of enrichment with n-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Enrichment with DHA but not EPA significantly increased the differentiation markers compared to control differentiated cells. DHA compared to EPA treatment(More)
HIV epitope-specific T cell responses are often comprised of clonotypic expansions with distinct functional properties. In HIV(+) individuals, we measured programmed death-1 (PD-1) and IL-7Rα expression, MHC class I tetramer binding, cytokine production, and proliferation profiles of dominant and subdominant TCR clonotypes to evaluate the relationship(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue (AT)-specific inflammation is considered to mediate the pathological consequences of obesity and macrophages are known to activate inflammatory pathways in obese AT. Because cyclooxygenases play a central role in regulating the inflammatory processes, we sought to determine the role of hematopoietic cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) in(More)
Flexibility of the HIV-specific T-cell receptor repertoire is a hallmark of HIV-1 infection. Altered differentiation of HIV-specific CD45RO(+)/CCR7(-) (TemRO) CD8(+) effector-memory T cells into CD45RA(+)/CCR7(-) (TemRA) CD8(+) effector-memory T cells as well as increased expression of the senescence marker CD57 has been frequently observed HIV-1 infection,(More)
After initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV loads and frequencies of HIV epitope-specific immune responses decrease. A diverse virus-specific T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire allows the host to respond to viral epitope diversity, but the effect of antigen reduction as a result of ART on the TCR repertoire of epitope-specific CD8(+) T cell(More)
Intrahepatic virus-specific CD8(+) T cells are thought to be important for the control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, yet the precise kinetics for the expansion of epitope-specific T cells over the course of infection are difficult to determine with currently available methods. We used a real-time PCR assay to measure the frequency of clonotypic(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue (AT) macrophages mediate AT inflammation in obesity, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a major inflammatory gene. It was hypothesized that deletion of hematopoietic COX-2 will inhibit AT inflammation in obesity. METHODS Lethally irradiated wild-type (WT) mice were injected with bone marrow (BM) cells collected from WT or COX-2(More)
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