Ramesh Gopalaswamy

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Presentation of a weak stimulus, a prepulse, before a reflex-evoking stimulus decreases the amplitude of the reflex response relative to reflex amplitude evoked without a preceding prepulse. For example, presenting a brief tone before a trigeminal blink-eliciting stimulus significantly reduces reflex blink amplitude. A common explanation of such data are(More)
This study characterizes trigeminal blinks in normal human subjects between 20 and 80 years of age, 60-year-old Parkinson's disease patients, and young and old guinea pigs. In normal humans over 60 years of age, lid-closing duration, and the excitability and latency of the trigeminal reflex blink increase significantly relative to younger subjects. Aged(More)
The LpxC enzyme in the lipid A biosynthetic pathway is one of the most promising and clinically unexploited antibiotic targets for treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative infections. Progress in medicinal chemistry has led to the discovery of potent LpxC inhibitors with a variety of chemical scaffolds and distinct antibiotic profiles. The vast(More)
The complex of L-L-boronophenylalanine (L-p-BPA) with fructose has been used for the past 5 years in clinical trials of boron neutron capture therapy to treat both melanoma and glioblastoma multiforme. However, the structure of this complex in water buffered at physiologic pH has not been established. In the (1)H NMR spectra (D(2)O buffered at pD 7.4) of(More)
Radiculopathy, a painful neuroinflammation that can accompany intervertebral disc herniation, is associated with locally increased levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα). Systemic administration of TNF antagonists for radiculopathy in the clinic has shown mixed results, and there is growing interest in the local delivery(More)
Conformational dynamics plays an important role in enzyme catalysis, allosteric regulation of protein functions and assembly of macromolecular complexes. Despite these well-established roles, such information has yet to be exploited for drug design. Here we show by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy that inhibitors of LpxC--an essential enzyme of the(More)
The mutagenicity in Salmonella and in vivo sister chromatid exchange in the bone-marrow cells of mice was determined for 1,4-, 1,3-, 2,4-, and 3,4-dimethylphenanthrene (DMPh) with the objective to study the relative importance of substitution at the 1 and 4 positions of this series of methylated phenanthrenes. For both tests, 1,4- DMPh was decidedly more(More)
The difluoromethyl-allo-threonyl hydroxamate-based compound LPC-058 is a potent inhibitor of UDP-3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl)-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase (LpxC) in Gram-negative bacteria. A scalable synthesis of this compound is described. The key step in the synthetic sequence is a transition metal/base-catalyzed aldol reaction of methyl isocyanoacetate(More)
Knowledge and understanding of success and failure factors, as well as how to measure them and the interactions between these factors have great importance for project management effectiveness. Project success and failure is a question of perception and the criteria could vary from project to project A project that has been perceived to be a failure by one(More)
We report the application of a recently developed alignment-free 3D QSAR method [Crippen, G.M., J. Comput. Chem., 16 (1995) 486] to a benchmark-type problem. The test system involves the binding of 31 steroid compounds to two kinds of human carrier protein. The method used not only allows for arbitrary binding modes, but also avoids the problems of(More)