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Automated health behavior interventions that involve discretionary use by patients or consumers over extended periods of time are becoming more common and it is generally assumed that adherence to the recommended schedule is related to the impact of the system on users. Yet reasons for use or non-use of such systems have not been carefully explored. An(More)
This paper reports on an evaluation of the reactions of participants in a computer-controlled telephone conversation system (telephone-linked care, TLC) designed to offer nutrition and exercise counseling. After 6 months in the study, subjects were asked a series of questions about their opinions of the TLC system, including overall satisfaction and the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this pilot project was to explore the feasibility of using a telephone-based computerized system to monitor postchemotherapy symptoms and to test the mechanism of generating alert communications to healthcare providers about symptoms that are poorly controlled. DESCRIPTION OF STUDY Twenty-seven patients with cancer participated in(More)
To explore to what extent observation and semistructured in-depth interviews provide effective tools for usability testing of two automated home-based systems aimed at monitoring patients' health status at home and improving self-care. Telephone-Linked Care for Diet Adherence in Dyslipidemia (TLC-DietAid) used computer telephony to interact with users and(More)
The burgeoning of consumer health informatics and virtual health care can help people improve their health. However, little is known about individuals' reactions to such systems. We conducted an evaluation of the telephone-linked care (TLC) system, a computer-based telecommunications system, that functions as an at home monitor, educator, and counselor for(More)
Our multi-disciplinary team is developing mobile computing software that uses "just-in-time" presentation of information to motivate behavior change. Using a participatory design process, preliminary interviews have helped us to establish 10 design goals. We have employed some to create a prototype of a tool that encourages better dietary decision making(More)
Automated dialogue systems delivered over the telephone offer a promising approach to delivering health-related interventions to populations of individuals at low-cost. Over the past two decades, an automated telephone system called Telephone-Linked Care or TLC has been successfully designed and evaluated by the authors and their colleagues. This work has(More)
This article describes users' responses to human-like characteristics of two health promotion IVR systems. We conducted a qualitative evaluation of two systems that promoted physical activity and healthy dietary behavior respectively. Two themes that emerged dealt with favorable responses of the users to the machine's intrinsic qualities of being insentient(More)
Information technology is being used to collect data directly from patients and to provide educational information to them. Concern over patient reactions to this use of information technology is especially important in light of the debate over whether computers dehumanize patients. This study reports reactions that patient users expressed in ethnographic(More)