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This paper shows how to quickly move the state of a running computer across a network, including the state in its disks, memory, CPU registers, and I/O devices. We call this state a <i>capsule</i>. Capsule state is hardware state, so it includes the entire operating system as well as applications and running processes.We have chosen to move <i>x</i>86(More)
This paper attempts to address the complexity of system administration by making the labor of applying software updates independent of the number of computers on which the software is run. Complete networks of machines are packaged up as data; we refer to them as virtual appliances. The publisher of an appliance controls the software installed on the(More)
Distributed applications can fail in subtle ways that depend on the state of multiple parts of a system. This complicates the validation of such systems via fault injection, since it suggests that faults should be injected based on the global state of the system. In Loki, fault injection is performed based on a partial view of the global state of a(More)
This paper presents the Collective, a system that delivers managed desktops to personal computer (PC) users. System administrators are responsible for the creation and maintenance of the desktop environments, or virtual appliances, which include the operating system and all installed applications. PCs run client software, called the virtual appliance(More)
Today many system benchmarks use throughput as a measure of performance. While throughput is appropriate for benchmarking server environments, response time is a better metric for evaluating desktop performance. Currently , there is a lack of good tools to measure interactive performance; although several commercial GUI testing tools exist, they are not(More)
Validation of the dependability of distributed systems via fault injection is gaining importance , because distributed systems are being increasingly used in environments with high dependability requirements. The fact that distributed systems can fail in subtle ways that depend on the state of multiple parts of the system suggests that a global-state-based(More)
Warp is a system that helps users and administrators of web applications recover from intrusions such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting, and clickjacking attacks, while preserving legitimate user changes. Warp repairs from an intrusion by rolling back parts of the database to a version before the attack, and replaying subsequent legitimate actions.(More)
Tao is a system that optimizes the execution of unit tests in large software programs and reduces the programmer wait time from minutes to seconds. Tao is based on two key ideas: First, Tao focuses on efficiency, unlike past work that focused on avoiding false negatives. Tao implements simple and fast function-level dependency tracking that identifies tests(More)
Repeated cocaine exposure regulates transcriptional regulation within the nucleus accumbens (NAc), and epigenetic mechanisms-such as histone acetylation and methylation on Lys residues-have been linked to these lasting actions of cocaine. In contrast to Lys methylation, the role of histone Arg (R) methylation remains underexplored in addiction models. Here(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleus accumbens is a critical mediator of depression-related outcomes to social defeat stress. Previous studies demonstrate distinct neuroplasticity adaptations in the two medium spiny neuron (MSN) subtypes, those enriched in dopamine receptor D1 versus dopamine receptor D2, in reward and reinforcement leading to opposing roles for these(More)