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3,3'-Diselenodipropionic acid (DSePA), a diselenide and a derivative of selenocystine, was evaluated for in vivo radioprotective effects in Swiss albino mice, at an intraperitoneal dose of 2 mg/kg body wt, for 5 days before whole-body exposure to gamma-radiation. The radioprotective efficacy was evaluated by assessing protection of the hepatic tissue, the(More)
Assessment of DNA damage was carried out using alkaline comet assay in lymphocytes of 30 individuals exposed to high levels of arsenic (247.12+/-18.93 microg/l) through contaminated groundwater in North 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India. All of them exhibited high arsenic contents in nail (4.20+/-0.67 microg/g), hair (2.06+/-0.20 microg/g) and urine(More)
Protection against whole body gamma-irradiation (WBI) of Swiss mice orally fed with Triphala (TPL), an Ayurvedic formulation, in terms of mortality of irradiated animals as well as DNA damage at cellular level has been investigated. It was found that radiation induced mortality was reduced by 60% in mice fed with TPL (1g/kg body weight/day) orally for 7(More)
BACKGROUND Radioresistance is the major impediment in radiotherapy of many cancers including prostate cancer, necessitating the need to understand the factors contributing to radioresistance in tumor cells. In the present study, the role of cellular redox and redox sensitive transcription factor, Nrf2 in the radiosensitivity of prostate cancer cell lines(More)
We have investigated the effect of gamma-radiation on the frequency of bone marrow micronucleated erythrocytes in seven inbred strains of adult male mice. Twenty animals of each strain viz. Swiss, C57BL/6, C57BR/cd, C3H, CBA, DBA, and AKR were irradiated at 0.0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.50, and 1.00Gy of gamma-rays at a dose rate of 0.46Gy/min using a(More)
Naturally occurring compounds capable of protecting DNA against ionizing radiation and chemical mutagens have considerable potential for prevention of mutation-based health impairment including cancer and other degenerative diseases. Chlorophyllin (CHL), a water-soluble derivative of chlorophyll, has been examined for its ability to protect DNA against(More)
Micronucleated polychromatic (mn-PCE) and normochromatic erythrocytes (nm-NCE) were enumerated in the bone marrow and peripheral blood of Swiss male mice at different time intervals following whole-body (1.0 Gy) gamma-irradiation. Polychromatic cells migrated to the peripheral blood soon after their formation in the bone marrow and mn-PCE achieved a(More)
The assessment of tumor radiosensitivity would be particularly useful in optimizing the radiation dose during radiotherapy. Therefore, the degree of correlation between radiation-induced DNA damage, as measured by the alkaline and the neutral comet assays, and the clonogenic survival of different human tumor cells was studied. Further, tumor(More)
The studies reported in this communication had two major objectives: first to validate the in-house developed SCGE-Pro: a software developed for automated image analysis and data processing for Comet assay using human peripheral blood leucocytes exposed to radiation doses, viz. 2, 4 and 8 Gy, which are known to produce DNA/chromosome damage using alkaline(More)