Ramesh Balasubramaniam

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Previous studies of paced repetitive movements with respect to an external beat have either emphasised (a) the form of movement trajectories or (b) timing errors made with respect to the external beat. The question of what kinds of movement trajectories assist timing accuracy has not previously been addressed. In an experiment involving synchronisation or(More)
Ramesh Balasubramaniam* Alan M. Wing Sensory Motor Neuroscience Group, Behavioural Brain Sciences Centre, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK B15 2TT. *e-mail: r.balasubramaniam@ bham.ac.u Standing straight is not as simple a task as one might think. It involves keeping several distributed joints and muscle groups in a geometric(More)
Experiments were performed to investigate the mechanism underlying the potentiation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) responses by carbachol (CCh) in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices. CCh (300 nM) potentiated responses to NMDA, but not to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA), in a readily reversible manner. Potentiation(More)
To account for sensorimotor synchronization, the information processing and the dynamical systems perspectives have developed different classes of models. While the former has focused on cycle-to-cycle correction of the timing errors, the latter deals with a continuous, state-dependent within-cycle coupling between the oscillating limb and the metronome.(More)
While much is known about sequential effects in motor timing, less is understood about whether movement parameters such as force show sequential dependencies. In this study, we examined the effect of timing constraints on repetitive unimanual force production sequences. Ten healthy participants produced a series of pinch grip forces in time to a metronome(More)
An internal clock-like process has been implicated in the control of rhythmic movements performed for short (250-2,000 ms) time scales. However, in the past decade, it has been claimed that a clock-like central timing mechanism is not required for smooth cyclical movements. The distinguishing characteristic delineating clock-like (event) from non-clock-like(More)
Recent investigations have revealed the kinematics of horizontal saccades are less variable near the end of the trajectory than during the course of execution. Converging evidence indicates that oculomotor networks use online sensorimotor feedback to correct for initial trajectory errors. It is also known that oculomotor networks express saccadic(More)
The probability distributions for changes in transverse plane fingertip speed are Lévy distributed in human pole balancing. Six subjects learned to balance a pole on their index finger over three sessions while sitting and standing. The Lévy or decay exponent decreased as a function of learning, showing reduced decay in the probability for large speed steps(More)
Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) commonly experience freezing of gait under time constraints, in narrow spaces, and in the dark. One commonality between these different situations is that they may all provoke anxiety, yet anxiety has never been directly examined as a cause of FOG. In this study, virtual reality was used to induce anxiety and(More)
We examined the influence of attentional focus and cognitive load on motor performance in a dynamic stick balancing task during the maintenance of upright posture. Dynamical analyses of postural fluctuations revealed the existence of a drift and correct mechanism, with correlational structure reflecting the demands of the stick balancing task. In contrast,(More)