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PID controllers are widely used in industries and so many tuning rules have been proposed over the past 50 years that users are often lost in the jungle of tuning formulas. Moreover, unlike PI control, different control laws and structures of implementation further complicate the use of the PID controller. In this work, five different tuning rules are taken(More)
A PID controller is widely used to control industrial processes that are mostly open loop stable or unstable. Selection of proper feedback structure and controller tuning helps to improve the performance of the loop. In this paper a double-feedback loop/method is used to achieve stability and better performance of the process. The internal feedback is used(More)
Setpoint filters are widely used along with a PID controller. The aim of the present paper is to reduce the peak overshoot to a desired/tolerable limit. To design a setpoint filter, numerous methods are available, which need extensive calculations. Moreover, the existing methods need information regarding the process parameters, values of controller(More)
Autotuning using relay feedback is widely used to identify low order integrating plus dead time (IPDT) systems as the method is simple and is operated in closed-loop without interrupting the production process. Oscillatory responses from the process due to ideal relay input are collected to calculate ultimate properties of the system that in turn are used(More)
Gears are used to transmit power and motion in mechanical, electrical and chemical process industries. Influenced by vibration, torque, temperature, lubrication & specific film thickness, the gear teeth contacts may experience change leading to unexpected failures such as wear, scuffing, pitting and micro-pitting on teeth surface. In order to avoid these(More)
Unknown process parameters are identified using limit cycle data of the relay–response curves obtained from single relay feedback test on second order plus dead time (SOPDT) processes. Time domain analytical expressions of these curves are helpful in deriving conditions to estimate process parameters accurately. Identification algorithms are formulated to(More)
The coal fired thermal power plants plays major role in the power production in the world as they are available in abundance. Many of the existing power plants are based on the subcritical technology which can produce power with the efficiency of around 33%. But the newer plants are built on either supercritical or ultra-supercritical technology whose(More)
A new approach to tune the PI controller for parallel cascade control using setpoint relay autotuning method is proposed in this paper. The setpoint relay autotuning is found to be effective as that of the relay feedback method without switching off existing controller. The proposed method is found to be more advantageous for finding out ultimate gain and(More)
Mechanical gears are used to transmit power and motion in mechanical, electrical and chemical process industries. Influenced by vibration, torque, temperature, lubrication and specific film thickness, the gear teeth contacts may experience change leading to unexpected failures such as wear, scuffing, pitting and micro-pitting on teeth surface. In order to(More)