Ramchandra Ramesh Bhonde

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxidative stress caused by cytokine exposure is a major cause of pancreatic islet death in vitro and of diabetogenesis. Antioxidant compounds may prevent cytokine-induced damage to islet cells. Hence, we studied the potential of curcumin, an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound, in vitro to protect islets against(More)
Previously, we reported a simple technique to isolate functional B islets from chick pancreata with retention of their insulin secretory ability in response to glucose challenge. To test the hypothesis that chick B islets are equally good candidates as mammalian islets for screening hypoglycemics and insulin secretagogues, we compared the structural and(More)
The post-natal dental pulp tissue contains a population of multipotent mesenchymal progenitor cells known as dental pulp stromal/stem cells (DPSCs), with high proliferative potential for self-renewal. In this investigation, we explored the potential of DPSCs to differentiate into pancreatic cell lineage resembling islet-like cell aggregates (ICAs). We(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicated with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and cryptogenic cirrhosis. Leptin is a 16-kDa antiobesity hormone secreted mainly by adipocytes. The role of leptin on alcohol-mediated effects in cell line is yet to be unraveled. Therefore, we investigated the effect of leptin against(More)
Flesh flies of the genus Sarcophaga (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) are carrion-breeding, necrophagous insects important in medical and veterinary entomology as potential transmitters of pathogens to humans and animals. Our aim was to analyse the diversity of gut-associated bacteria in wild-caught larvae and adult flesh flies using culture-dependent and(More)
This review highlights some recent developments and diversified applications of islets in diabetes research as they are rapidly emerging as a model system in biomedical and biotechnological research. Isolated islets have formed an effective in vitro model in antidiabetic drug development programme, screening of potential hypoglycaemic agents and for(More)
Injection of encephalomyocarditis virus -D strain in SJL/J mice leads to development of diabetes. In order to ascertain various factors involved in this process, effect of age of the host, dose of virus and glucose pretreatment on incidence of diabetes and its possible reversal were studied. Blood and urine glucose levels of control and experimental mice(More)
The therapeutic potential of stem cells has led to renewed interest in regenerative biology. Pancreatic stellate cells have been reported in the mammalian pancreas; however, there are very few reports on stellate cells in the chicken pancreas. The intercalated duct epithelial cells observed in the A and B islets of the chicken pancreas have been claimed to(More)
Employing Hoorn's technique, tracheal explant cultures were set from adult hamsters, rabbits and human foetuses. To determine the susceptibility of these cultures they were infected with nine different mainly non-respiratory viruses. Assay of virus was carried out in susceptible cell lines. The results of these studies indicated that herpes simplex type I(More)