Ramaswamy Nilakantan

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HER-2 belongs to the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases, which has been implicated in a variety of cancers. Overexpression of HER-2 is seen in 25-30% of breast cancer patients and predicts a poor outcome in patients with primary disease. Trastuzumab (Herceptin), a monoclonal antibody to HER-2, is specifically approved for HER-2-positive breast cancer(More)
A sixth member of the mammalian adenylyl cyclase family has been isolated from a canine cardiac cDNA library. This isoform is more highly homologous to type V than to the other adenylyl cyclase types; sequence similarity is apparent even in the transmembrane regions where the greatest divergence among the types exists. Type VI mRNA expression is most(More)
The high-resolution NMR solution structure of the catalytic fragment of human collagenase-3 (MMP13) was used as a starting point for structure-based design of selective inhibitors for MMP-13. The major structural difference observed between the MMP structures is the relative size and shape of the S1′ pocket where this pocket is significantly longer for(More)
Several compounds that specifically inhibited replication of the H1 and H2 subtypes of influenza virus type A were identified by screening a chemical library for antiviral activity. In single-cycle infections, the compounds inhibited virus-specific protein synthesis when added before or immediately after infection but were ineffective when added 30 min(More)
A series of new 6-substituted-4-(3-bromophenylamino)quinazoline derivatives that may function as irreversible inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER-2) tyrosine kinases have been prepared. These inhibitors have, at the C-6 position, butynamide, crotonamide, and methacrylamide Michael acceptors(More)
The synthesis and SAR of a series of 4-anilino-6, 7-dialkoxyquinoline-3-carbonitrile inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) kinase are described. Condensation of 3, 4-dialkoxyanilines with ethyl (ethoxymethylene)cyanoacetate followed by thermal cyclization gave, regiospecifically, 6,7-dialkoxy-4-oxo-1, 4-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonitriles.(More)
It has been shown previously that 4-anilino quinazolines compete with the ability of ATP to bind the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R), inhibit EGF-stimulated autophosphorylation of tyrosine residues in EGF-R, and block EGF-mediated growth. Since millimolar concentrations of ATP in cells could reduce the efficacy of 4-anilino quinazolines in cells(More)
We develop an extension of conventional distance geometry techniques that treats two or more molecules as a single "ensemble". This extension can be used to find a common pharmacophore, i.e., the spatial arrangement of essential groups, from a small set of biologically active molecules. The approach can generate, in one step, coordinates for the set of(More)
Aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated in the etiology of the secondary complications of diabetes. This enzyme catalyzes the reduction of glucose to sorbitol using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate as an essential cofactor. AR has been localized at the sites of tissue damage, and inhibitors of this enzyme prevent the development of neuropathy,(More)
A series of of 6,7-disubstituted-4-anilinoquinoline-3-carbonitrile derivatives that function as irreversible inhibitors of EGFR and HER-2 kinases have been prepared. These inhibitors have, at the 6-position, butynamide, crotonamide, and methacrylamide Michael acceptors bearing water-solublilizing substituents. These compounds were prepared by acylation of(More)