Learn More
HER-2 belongs to the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases, which has been implicated in a variety of cancers. Overexpression of HER-2 is seen in 25-30% of breast cancer patients and predicts a poor outcome in patients with primary disease. Trastuzumab (Herceptin), a monoclonal antibody to HER-2, is specifically approved for HER-2-positive breast cancer(More)
A sixth member of the mammalian adenylyl cyclase family has been isolated from a canine cardiac cDNA library. This isoform is more highly homologous to type V than to the other adenylyl cyclase types; sequence similarity is apparent even in the transmembrane regions where the greatest divergence among the types exists. Type VI mRNA expression is most(More)
Several compounds that specifically inhibited replication of the H1 and H2 subtypes of influenza virus type A were identified by screening a chemical library for antiviral activity. In single-cycle infections, the compounds inhibited virus-specific protein synthesis when added before or immediately after infection but were ineffective when added 30 min(More)
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone that is responsible for activating many signaling proteins and is a promising target in tumor biology. We have identified small-molecule benzisoxazole derivatives as Hsp90 inhibitors. Crystallographic studies show that these compounds bind in the ATP binding pocket interacting with the Asp93. Structure(More)
We develop an extension of conventional distance geometry techniques that treats two or more molecules as a single "ensemble". This extension can be used to find a common pharmacophore, i.e., the spatial arrangement of essential groups, from a small set of biologically active molecules. The approach can generate, in one step, coordinates for the set of(More)
ZipA is a membrane anchored protein in Escherichia coli that interacts with FtsZ, a homolog of eukaryotic tubulins, forming a septal ring structure that mediates bacterial cell division. Thus, the ZipA/FtsZ protein-protein interaction is a potential target for an antibacterial agent. We report here an NMR-based fragment screening approach which identified(More)
Most current methods for the design of pharmaceutical screening libraries centre around compound diversity. We present arguments for a different approach, involving a fixed number of analogs around a set of medicinally relevant scaffolds. Most current approaches to screening library design emphasize wide coverage of chemical space at the expense of poor(More)
A series of of 6,7-disubstituted-4-anilinoquinoline-3-carbonitrile derivatives that function as irreversible inhibitors of EGFR and HER-2 kinases have been prepared. These inhibitors have, at the 6-position, butynamide, crotonamide, and methacrylamide Michael acceptors bearing water-solublilizing substituents. These compounds were prepared by acylation of(More)
Aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated in the etiology of the secondary complications of diabetes. This enzyme catalyzes the reduction of glucose to sorbitol using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate as an essential cofactor. AR has been localized at the sites of tissue damage, and inhibitors of this enzyme prevent the development of neuropathy,(More)