Ramasubramanian Sundaramoorthy

Learn More
Chromatin provides both a means to accommodate a large amount of genetic material in a small space and a means to package the same genetic material in different chromatin states. Transitions between chromatin states are enabled by chromatin-remodeling ATPases, which catalyze a diverse range of structural transformations. Biochemical evidence over the last(More)
Staphylococcus aureus pathogenesis depends on a specialized protein secretion system (ESX-1) that delivers a range of virulence factors to assist infectivity. We report the characterization of two such factors, EsxA and EsxB, small acidic dimeric proteins carrying a distinctive WXG motif. EsxA crystallized in triclinic and monoclinic forms and(More)
The PARK2 gene is mutated in 50% of autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (ARJP) cases. It encodes parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase of the RBR family. Parkin exists in an autoinhibited state that is activated by phosphorylation of its N-terminal ubiquitin-like (Ubl) domain and binding of phosphoubiquitin. We describe the 1.8 Å crystal structure of human(More)
The ATP-dependent chromatin-remodelling enzyme Chd1 is a 168-kDa protein consisting of a double chromodomain, Snf2-related ATPase domain, and a C-terminal DNA-binding domain. Here, we show the DNA-binding domain is required for Saccharomyces cerevisiae Chd1 to bind and remodel nucleosomes. The crystal structure of this domain reveals the presence of(More)
Crystal structures of peroxisomal Arabidopsis thaliana 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (AtKAT), an enzyme of fatty acid beta-oxidation, are reported. The subunit, a typical thiolase, is a combination of two similar alpha/beta domains capped with a loop domain. The comparison of AtKAT with the Saccharomyces cerevisiae homologue (ScKAT) structure reveals a different(More)
The chromatin remodelling protein Chd1 is implicated in a broad range of cellular processes. Structural information exists for the N-terminal chromodomains and the core ATPase domains. We recently, solved the structure of the C-terminal DNA binding domain. This reveals structural homology with SANT and SLIDE domains of ISWI related remodelling enzymes. The(More)
Crystal structures of recombinant Lactococcus lactis 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (LlPDH) in complex with substrate, cofactor, product and inhibitors have been determined. LlPDH shares significant sequence identity with the enzymes from sheep liver and the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei for which structures have been reported. Comparisons(More)
Vps75 is a histone chaperone that has been historically characterized as homodimer by X-ray crystallography. In this study, we present a crystal structure containing two related tetrameric forms of Vps75 within the crystal lattice. We show Vps75 associates with histones in multiple oligomers. In the presence of equimolar H3-H4 and Vps75, the major species(More)
The yeast Chd1 protein acts to position nucleosomes across genomes. Here, we model the structure of the Chd1 protein in solution and when bound to nucleosomes. In the apo state, the DNA-binding domain contacts the edge of the nucleosome while in the presence of the non-hydrolyzable ATP analog, ADP-beryllium fluoride, we observe additional interactions(More)
RING-between-RING (RBR) E3 ligases are a class of ubiquitin ligases distinct from RING or HECT E3 ligases. An important RBR ligase is Parkin, mutations in which lead to early-onset hereditary Parkinsonism. Parkin and other RBR ligases share a catalytic RBR module but are usually autoinhibited and activated via distinct mechanisms. Recent insights into(More)
  • 1