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Azithromycin (AZI) is a macrolide antibiotic with an expanded spectrum of activity that is commercially available as a dihydrate. This study was carried out to characterize hydrates of azithromycin. A commercial dihydrate sample was used to prepare monohydrate from water/ethanol (1:1) mixture. Hydrates were characterized using DSC, TGA, KFT, XRD, HSM, SEM(More)
Curcuminoids were isolated from Curcuma longa and their pyrazole and isoxazole analogues were synthesized and evaluated for antioxidant, COX-1/COX-2 inhibitory and anti-inflammatory activities. The designed analogues significantly enhance COX-2/COX-1 selectivity and possess significant anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan induced rat paw edema assay.(More)
This study deals with the generation and characterization of various solid-state forms of celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor. The drug was subjected to polymorphic screen using different solvents to explore the possibility of existence of different solid forms. N,N-Dimethyl acetamide (DMA) and N,N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) yielded(More)
Stabilization of an amorphous solid against devitrification can be achieved using additives that interact specifically with the parent molecule, and restrain it from rearranging into a crystal lattice. The amorphous form of celecoxib (CEL) was stabilized by poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), both in the solid state and during dissolution. A comprehensive(More)
The accuracy of ligand-protein docking may be affected by the presence of water molecules on the surface of the protein. Cross-docking simulations have been performed on a number of ligand-protein complexes for various proteins whose crystal structures contain water molecules in their binding sites. Only common sets of water molecules found in the binding(More)
Comparative molecular field analysis and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis were performed on 114 analogues of 1,2-diarylimidazole to optimize their cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective antiinflammatory activities. These studies produced models with high correlation coefficients and good predictive abilities. Docking studies were also carried(More)
A comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA) of a set of 29 imidazolyl and N-pyrrolyl heptenoates have been performed to find out the structural requirements for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) inhibitory activity. The HMG like side chain, a common moiety of statins, was used to align the molecules. The results guide to(More)
Xanthine oxidase-catalyzed hydroxylation reactions of the anticancer drug 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and its analog 2-mercaptopurine (2-MP) as well as 6-thioxanthine (6-TX) and 2-thioxanthine (2-TX) have been studied using UV-spectroscopy, high pressure liquid chromatography, photodiode array, and liquid chromatography-based mass spectral analysis. It is shown(More)
The inhibition of xanthine oxidase (XO) activity by the purine analogue 6-(N-benzoylamino)purine was evaluated and compared with the standard inhibitor, allopurinol and the parent compound adenine. 6-(N-benzoylamino)purine is a highly potent inhibitor of XO (IC50 = 0.45 microM) and comparable to allopurinol (IC50 = 0.80 microM). Furthermore,(More)
A study has been carried out in crystalline hard rock aquifers of Madurai district, Tamil Nadu, to identify the spatial and temporal variations and to understand sources responsible for hydrogeochemical processes in the region. Totally, 216 samples were collected for four seasons [premonsoon (PRM), southwest monsoon (SWM), northeast monsoon (NWM), and(More)