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OBJECTIVE Lipoxygenases are regulators of chronic inflammation and oxidative stress generation. We evaluated the role of 5- and 12-lipoxygenases in the development of diabetic retinopathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Wild-type mice, 5-lipoxygenase-deficient mice, and 12/15-lipoxygenase-deficient mice were assessed 1) after 9 months of diabetes for retinal(More)
The hypothesis that marrow-derived cells, and specifically proinflammatory proteins in those cells, play a critical role in the development of diabetes-induced retinopathy and tactile allodynia was investigated. Abnormalities characteristic of the early stages of retinopathy and allodynia were measured in chimeric mice lacking inducible nitric oxide(More)
PURPOSE Evidence suggests that capillary degeneration in early diabetic retinopathy results from chronic inflammation, and leukotrienes have been implicated in this process. The authors investigated the cellular sources of leukotriene biosynthesis in diabetic retinas and the effects of hyperglycemia on leukotriene production. METHODS Retinas and bone(More)
Understanding the early pathogenesis of DR may uncover new therapeutic targets to prevent or slow the progression of this sight-threatening disorder. We investigated the role of leukocyte-mediated generation of LTs in regulation of retinal capillary degeneration and inflammation in the diabetic mouse. We generated (1) chimeric mice that lacked the ability(More)
PURPOSE Treatment with light in the far-red to near-infrared region of the spectrum (photobiomodulation [PBM]) has beneficial effects in tissue injury. We investigated the therapeutic efficacy of 670-nm PBM in rodent and cultured cell models of diabetic retinopathy. METHODS Studies were conducted in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and in cultured(More)
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