Ramani Duraiswami

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Automatic understanding of events happening at a site is the ultimate goal for many visual surveillance systems. Higher level understanding of events requires that certain lower level computer vision tasks be performed. These may include detection of unusual motion, tracking targets, labeling body parts, and understanding the interactions between people. To(More)
Evaluating sums of multivariate Gaussians is a common computational task in computer vision and pattern recognition, including in the general and powerful kernel density estimation technique. The quadratic computational complexity of the summation is a significant barrier to the scalability of this algorithm to practical applications. The fast Gauss(More)
The problem of pose estimation arises in many areas of computer vision, including object recognition, object tracking, site inspection and updating, and autonomous navigation when scene models are available. We present a new algorithm, called SoftPOSIT, for determining the pose of a 3D object from a single 2D image when correspondences between object points(More)
Many machine learning algorithms require the summation of Gaussian kernel functions, an expensive operation if implemented straightforwardly. Several methods have been proposed to reduce the computational complexity of evaluating such sums, including tree and analysis based methods. These achieve varying speedups depending on the bandwidth, dimension, and(More)
The mean shift algorithm has achieved considerable success in object tracking due to its simplicity and robustness. It finds local minima of a similarity measure between the color histograms or kernel density estimates of the model and target image. The most typically used similarity measures are the Bhattacharyya coefficient or the Kullback-Leibler(More)
Many vision algorithms depend on the estimation of a probability density function from observations. Kernel density estimation techniques are quite general and powerful methods for this problem, but have a significant disadvantage in that they are computationally intensive. In this paper, we explore the use of kernel density estimation with the fast Gauss(More)
A very efficient and robust visual object tracking algorithm based on the particle filter is presented. The method characterizes the tracked objects using color and edge orientation histogram features. While the use of more features and samples can improve the robustness, the computational load required by the particle filter increases. To accelerate the(More)
In this paper we present a probabilistic framework for tracking regions based on their appearance. We exploit the feature-spatial distribution of a region representing an object as a probabilistic constraint to track that region over time. The tracking is achieved by maximizing a similaritybased objective function over transformation space given a(More)
The Canny edge detector is a very popular and effective edge feature detector that is used as a pre-processing step in many computer vision algorithms. It is a multi-step detector which performs smoothing and filtering, non-maxima suppression, followed by a connected-component analysis stage to detect ldquotruerdquo edges, while suppressing ldquofalserdquo(More)
The computation and memory required for kernel machines with N training samples is at least O(N). Such a complexity is significant even for moderate size problems and is prohibitive for large datasets. We present an approximation technique based on the improved fast Gauss transform to reduce the computation to O(N). We also give an error bound for the(More)