Ramani Dinavahi

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As the result of genetic alterations and tumor hypoxia, many cancer cells avidly take up glucose and generate lactate through lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), which is encoded by a target gene of c-Myc and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1). Previous studies with reduction of LDHA expression indicate that LDHA is involved in tumor initiation, but its role in(More)
The antitumorigenic activity of antioxidants has been presumed to arise from their ability to squelch DNA damage and genomic instability mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we report that antioxidants inhibited three tumorigenic models in vivo. Inhibition of a MYC-dependent human B lymphoma model was unassociated with genomic instability but(More)
Rho GTPases impact a number of activities important for oncogenesis. We describe a small molecule inhibitor that blocks oncogenic transformation induced by various Rho GTPases in fibroblasts, and the growth of human breast cancer and B lymphoma cells, without affecting normal cells. We identify the target of this inhibitor to be the metabolic enzyme(More)
The oncogene c-myc encodes a transcription factor that has long been considered essential to liver regeneration, the process by which fully differentiated hepatocytes proliferate in an attempt to maintain a normal functional mass in response to hepatic injury. Experimental liver regeneration can be induced upon 70% partial hepatectomy and is accompanied by(More)
Hemoglobin (Hb)-based O2 carriers (HBOC) are undergoing extensive development as potential "blood substitutes." A major problem associated with these molecules is an increase in microvascular permeability and peripheral vascular resistance. In this paper, we utilized bovine lung microvascular endothelial cell monolayers and simultaneously measured(More)
The endothelial glycocalyx is believed to play a major role in microvascular permeability. We tested the hypothesis that specific components of the glycocalyx, via cytoskeletal-mediated signaling, actively participate in barrier regulation. With the use of polymers of arginine and lysine as a model of neutrophil-derived inflammatory cationic proteins, we(More)
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