Ramanda T. Upshaw

Learn More
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an incurable disease derived from the monoclonal expansion of CD5(+) B lymphocytes. High expression levels of ZAP-70 or CD38 and deletions of 17p13 (TP53) and 11q22-q23 (ATM) are associated with poorer overall survival and shorter time to disease progression. DNA damage and p53 play a pivotal role in apoptosis induction(More)
In the event of an influenza outbreak, antivirals including the neuraminidase (NA) inhibitors, peramivir, oseltamivir, and zanamivir may provide valuable benefit when vaccine production is delayed, limited, or cannot be used. Here we demonstrate the efficacy of a single intramuscular injection of peramivir in the mouse influenza model. Peramivir potently(More)
Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) deficiency in humans produces a relatively selective depletion of T cells. BCX-1777 is a potent inhibitor of PNP. BCX-1777 in the presence of deoxyguanosine (dGuo) inhibits the proliferation of CEM-SS [T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL)] cells with an IC(50)=0.015 microM. This inhibition by BCX-1777 and dGuo is(More)
Tissue factor (TF) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that binds its zymogen cofactor, Factor VIIa (FVIIa) on the cell surface. Together (TF/FVIIa) they activate Factor X (FX) and Factor IX (FIX) and start the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. As such, the TF/FVIIa complex plays an important role in normal physiology as well as in thrombotic diseases(More)
The profound suppression of T-cell immunity seen in purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP; EC 2.4.2.1) deficient patients supports potential application of inhibitors of PNP in the therapy of T-cell mediated diseases. BCX-4208 is a novel potent transition state analog inhibitor of human PNP with an IC(50) of 0.5 nM. PNP inhibition leads to elevation of dGuo(More)
Increased growth factor receptor signaling is implicated in antiestrogen-resistant breast tumors suggesting that abrogation of such signaling could restore or prolong sensitivity to antihormonal agents. Activation of the mitogen-activated protein/extracellular regulated kinase kinase (MEK)-extracellular regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 cascade is a common(More)
Increased growth factor receptor signaling is implicated in antiestrogen-resistant breast tumors suggesting that abrogation of such signaling could restore or prolong sensitivity to antihormonal agents. Activation of the mitogen-activated protein/extracellular regulated kinase kinase (MEK)-extracellular regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 cascade is a common(More)
Dear Editor: Epithelial and mesenchymal cells cooperate to regulate airway morphogenesis in the developing human lung (12). During the first trimester, epithelial tubules repeatedly branch to form the conducting airways. From the 12-24 wk of gestation, this process is recapitulated as clusters of surface airway epithelial cells invade the extracellular(More)
With the continued threat of morbidity and mortality from influenza and the development of resistance to influenza antiviral drugs, there is increasing interest in new treatments, such as the investigational intravenous drug peramivir, and in combination treatments. In this study, we determined the impact of oseltamivir carboxylate on the binding affinity(More)
New and emerging influenza virus strains, such as the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus require constant vigilance for antiviral drug sensitivity and resistance. Efficacy of intramuscularly (IM) administered neuraminidase (NA) inhibitor, peramivir, was evaluated in mice infected with recently isolated pandemic A/California/04/2009 (H1N1, swine origin, mouse(More)