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Many auditory neurons possess low-threshold potassium currents ( I(KLT)) that enhance their responsiveness to rapid and coincident inputs. We present recordings from gerbil medial superior olivary (MSO) neurons in vitro and modeling results that illustrate how I(KLT) improves the detection of brief signals, of weak signals in noise, and of the coincidence(More)
Brief synaptic inhibition can overwhelm a nearly coincident suprathreshold excitatory input to preclude spike generation. Surprisingly, a brief inhibitory event that occurs in a favorable time window preceding an otherwise subthreshold excitation can facilitate spiking. Such postinhibitory facilitation (PIF) requires that the inhibition has a short (decay)(More)
We study the existence and stability of phase-locked patterns and amplitude death states in a closed chain of delay coupled identical limit cycle oscillators that are near a supercritical Hopf bifurcation. The coupling is limited to nearest neighbors and is linear. We analyze a model set of discrete dynamical equations using the method of plane waves. The(More)
Intrinsic heterogeneity in networks of interconnected cells has profound effects on synchrony and spike-time reliability of network responses. Projection neurons of the globus pallidus (GPe) are interconnected by GABAergic inhibitory synapses and in vivo fire continuously but display significant rate and firing pattern heterogeneity. Despite being deprived(More)
We report a facilitatory role of inhibitory synaptic input that can enhance a neuron's firing rate, in contrast to the conventional belief that inhibition suppresses firing. We study this phenomenon using the Hodgkin-Huxley model of spike generation with random Poisson trains of subthreshold excitatory and inhibitory inputs. Enhancement occurs when, by(More)
Abstract. Coupled limit cycle oscillators with instantaneous mutual coupling offer a useful but idealized mathematical paradigm for the study of collective behavior in a wide variety of biological, physical and chemical systems. In most real-life systems however the interaction is not instantaneous but is delayed due to finite propagation times of signals,(More)
Large scale simulations of electrically coupled neuronal oscillators often employ the phase coupled oscillator paradigm to understand and predict network behavior. We study the nature of the interaction between such coupled oscillators using weakly coupled oscillator theory. By employing piecewise linear approximations for phase response curves and voltage(More)
We study synchronization phenomenon of coupled neuronal oscillators using the theory of weakly coupled oscillators. The role of sudden jumps in the phase response curve profiles found in some experimental recordings and models on the ability of coupled neurons to exhibit synchronous and antisynchronous behavior is investigated, when the coupling between the(More)
We study a network model of two conductance-based pacemaker neurons of differing natural frequency, coupled with either mutual excitation or inhibition, and receiving shared random inhibitory synaptic input. The networks may phase lock spike to spike for strong mutual coupling. But the shared input can desynchronize the locked spike pairs by selectively(More)